Advertisement

ATOS in the Pediatric Age Group

  • Linda M. Harris
  • Purandath Lall
Chapter

Abstract

ATOS in children is frequently associated with anatomic abnormalities. It may present in a variety of ways, similar to those seen in adults, and should be considered in young patients presenting with either upper extremity or cerebral ischemic symptoms. Surgical intervention should be strongly considered in this young population due to the frequent presence of anatomic abnormalities and the excellent response typically seen in these patients.

Keywords

Subclavian Artery Fibrous Band Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Basilar Artery Occlusion Extremity Ischemia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Sanders RJ, Hammond SL, Rao NM. Thoracic outlet syndrome a review. Neurologist. 2008;14(6):365–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davidovic LB, Kostic DM, Jakovljevic NS, et al. Vascular thoracic outlet syndrome. World J Surg. 2003;27:545–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blank RH, Connar RG. Arterial complications associated with thoracic outlet compression syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 1974;17(4):315–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Okereke CD, Mavor A, Naim M. Arterial thoracic outlet compression syndrome: a differential diagnosis of painful right supraclavicular swelling? Hosp Med. 2000;61(9):672–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reid JR, Morrison ST, DiFiore JW. Thoracic outlet syndrome with subclavian aneurysm in a very young child: the complementary value of MRA and 3D-CT in diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2002;32:22–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sen S, Discigli B, Boga M, et al. Thoracic outlet ­syndrome with right subclavian artery dilatation in a child – transaxillary resection of the pediatric cervical rib. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;55:339–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vercellio G, Baraldini V, Gatti C, et al. Thoracic outlet syndrome in paediatrics: clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and outcome in a series of eight children. J Pediatric Surg. 2003;38(1):58–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arthur LG, Teich S, Hogan M, et al. Pediatric thoracic outlet syndrome: a disorder with serious vascular complications. J Pediatric Surg. 2008;43:1089–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maru S, Dosluoglu H, Dryjski M, Cherr G, Curl GR, Harris L. Thoracic outlet syndrome in children and young adults. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;38:560–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rigberg DA, Gelabert H. The management of thoracic outlet syndrome in teenaged patients. Ann Vasc Surg. 2009;23:335–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Edwards NM, Casey R, Johnson R. Extensive arterial embolus in the arm of a college runner with thoracic outlet syndrome: a case report. Clin J Sport Med. 2009;19(4):331–2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Monica JT, Kwolek CJ, Jupiter JB. Thoracic outlet syndrome with subclavian artery thrombosis undetectable by magnetic resonance angiography. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:1589–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ozcakar L, Malas FU, Erol O. A 17-year-old girl with a small left hand: thoracic outlet syndrome is on the agenda. Clin Pediatric. 2008;47(1):80–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gooneratne IK, Gamage R, Gunarathne KS. Pearls & oy-sters: distal subclavian artery – a source of cerebral embolism. Neurology. 2009;73(July 14):e11–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yamaguchi R, Kohga H, Kurosaki M, et al. Acute basilar artery occlusion in a patient with left subclavian artery occlusion due to first rib anomaly – a case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2008;48:355–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Prior AL, Wilson LA, Gosling RG, et al. Retrograde cerebral embolism. Lancet. 1979;2(8151):1044–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Matsen SL, Messina LM, Laberge JM, et al. SIR 2003 film panel case 7: arterial thoracic outlet syndrome presenting with upper extremity emboli and posterior circulation stroke. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003;14:807–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lee TS, Hines GL. Cerebral embolic stroke and arm ischemia in a teenager with arterial thoracic outlet syndrome: a case report. Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007;41(3):254–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sharma S, Kumar S, Joseph L, et al. Cervical rib with stroke as the initial presentation. Neurol India. 2010;58(4):645–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKaleida HealthBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryVA WNY Health Care SystemBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations