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Congenital Abnormalities, Cervical Ribs, and Related Bony Abnormalities

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Abstract

The presence of bony abnormalities in the thoracic outlet, most commonly abnormalities of the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra, cervical ribs, and abnormalities of the first thoracic ribs, are often responsible for vascular and neurological complications in patients with a diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). The diagnosis of TOS should be considered if one or more of these bony abnormalities are found in a patient complaining of paresthesias and or pain anywhere in the upper extremities, neck and/or shoulder pain, or noncoronary chest pain. Early diagnosis can prevent vascular and neurological complications.

Keywords

  • Subclavian Artery
  • Transverse Process
  • Neurovascular Bundle
  • Fibrous Band
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Correspondence to Carlos A. Selmonosky MD .

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Selmonosky, C.A., Silva, P.R. (2013). Congenital Abnormalities, Cervical Ribs, and Related Bony Abnormalities. In: Illig, K., Thompson, R., Freischlag, J., Donahue, D., Jordan, S., Edgelow, P. (eds) Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Springer, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4366-6_81

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4366-6_81

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