Tips for Mini and Micro PCNL

  • G. Bianchi
  • R. Galli


Mini and Micro percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) techniques were born with the aim of reducing the trauma associated with the procedure. The main advantages of instrument miniaturization are less bleeding, and more likelihood of a tubeless intervention, with reduced post-operative pain, without interfering with the stone-free rates. The purpose of this chapter is to give practical tips that may be useful to make the procedure safer and prevent complications.


Kidney stones Mini Micro Percutaneous nephrolithotomy PCNL 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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