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Tips for Mini and Micro PCNL

  • G. Bianchi
  • R. Galli
Chapter

Abstract

Mini and Micro percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) techniques were born with the aim of reducing the trauma associated with the procedure. The main advantages of instrument miniaturization are less bleeding, and more likelihood of a tubeless intervention, with reduced post-operative pain, without interfering with the stone-free rates. The purpose of this chapter is to give practical tips that may be useful to make the procedure safer and prevent complications.

Keywords

Kidney stones Mini Micro Percutaneous nephrolithotomy PCNL 

References

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    Jackman SV, Docimo SG, Cadeddu JA, Bishoff JT, Kavoussi LR, Jarrett TW. The “mini-perc” technique: a less invasive alternative to percutaneous nephrolithotomy. World J Urol. 1998;16(6):371–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Ko R, Soucy F, Denstedt JD, Razvi H. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy made easier: a practical guide, tips and tricks. BJU Int. 2008;101(5):535–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Park S, Pearle MS. Imaging for percutaneous renal access and management of renal calculi. Urol Clin North Am. 2006;33:353–64.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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