• Gernot Ernst


The somatosensory system processes four broadly distinct sensory modalities: tactile, proprioceptive, thermal sensations, and pain. Interspersed between the delivery of a noxious stimulus and the subjective dimension of pain is a series of complex chemical and electrical events including local positive feed forward and negative feedback circuits, neuronal networks, and the involvement of several brain modules, including those of the vegetative nervous system. Pain stimulates different physiological responses like increased breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, sweating, and general arousal. Pain is a multidimensional phenomenon being influenced and stimulating different further body systems.


Heart Rate Variability Irritable Bowel Syndrome Cluster Headache Cold Pressure Test Cluster Headache Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gernot Ernst
    • 1
  1. 1.Kongsberg HospitalKongsbergNorway

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