Paradox and Practice: Gender in Computing and Engineering in Easter Europe

  • Alan Durndell
Conference paper
Part of the Workshops in Computing book series (WORKSHOPS COMP.)

Abstract

Over a period when female admissions to university have risen to 44% of the total, with dramatic rises in subjects like Business Management and Accounting, the proportion of female computing admissions has dropped, and is now very similar to the situation in engineering, where the figures have been slowly increasing to approach 10%. In other words, computing and engineering now seem to share a particular technological gender profile. It has quite often been reported in the West that the proportion of female engineers in Eastern Europe has been much higher than that in Western Europe; for instance [Jancar 78] reported that 27% of undergraduate engineers in Bulgaria were female in 1970. The figures often seem to be difficult to get hold of, and are often out-of-date. The contemporary situation in Eastern Europe is therefore of considerable interest with respect to undergraduate technological, engineering and computing education, and this article addresses this question, drawing on a recent visit to Bulgaria, a communist Slav nation which shares many cultural features with Russia.

Keywords

Europe Kelly Grease Alan Rote 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [Attwood 88]
    Attwood, L., “Perestroika”, Everywoman, 35, 12–14, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. [Buckley 86]
    Buckley, M. (ed.), Soviet Social Scientists Talking, London, Macmillan, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. [Chivers 87]
    Chivers, G., “Information Technology: Girls and Education — a Cross Cultural Review”. In Davidson, M.J. & Cooper, C.L. (eds.) Women and Information Technology, London, Wiley, 1987.Google Scholar
  4. [Domozetov 86]
    Domozetov C., “The specificity of the participation of women on the introduction of computer technology in two areas of work”. Presented (in German) to the Internationalen Symposium on Noue Techfologien und Sozialpolitik, Linowsee bei Rheinsberg, D.D.R., 1986.Google Scholar
  5. [Elliot and Powell 87]
    Elliot, J. and Powell, C., “Young women and science — do we need more science?”, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 8, pp 277286, 1987.Google Scholar
  6. [Jancar 78]
    Jancar, B.W., Women under Communism, Baltimore, John Hopkins Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  7. [Kelly 85]
    Kelly, A., “The construction of masculine science”, British. Journal of Sociology of Education, 6, pp 133–154, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [Lapidus 78]
    Lapidus, G., Women in Soviet Society, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1978. 400Google Scholar
  9. [Perevedentsev 88]
    Perevedentsev, V., in the Soviet magazine Nedelyareported in the Guardian 12.2.88.Google Scholar
  10. [Raicheva et al 87]
    Raicheva, S., Lazarov, D., and Ivasnov, B., “Chemical Education in Bulgaria”. Paper presented to Sofia Congress of International Union of Pure and Applied Chemists, 1987.Google Scholar
  11. [Walford 83]
    Walford, G., “Science education and sexism in the Soviet Union”, The School Sciences Review, 65, No. 23, pp 213–224, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Durndell
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentGlasgow CollegeUK

Personalised recommendations