Paradox and Practice: Gender in Computing and Engineering in Easter Europe
Over a period when female admissions to university have risen to 44% of the total, with dramatic rises in subjects like Business Management and Accounting, the proportion of female computing admissions has dropped, and is now very similar to the situation in engineering, where the figures have been slowly increasing to approach 10%. In other words, computing and engineering now seem to share a particular technological gender profile. It has quite often been reported in the West that the proportion of female engineers in Eastern Europe has been much higher than that in Western Europe; for instance [Jancar 78] reported that 27% of undergraduate engineers in Bulgaria were female in 1970. The figures often seem to be difficult to get hold of, and are often out-of-date. The contemporary situation in Eastern Europe is therefore of considerable interest with respect to undergraduate technological, engineering and computing education, and this article addresses this question, drawing on a recent visit to Bulgaria, a communist Slav nation which shares many cultural features with Russia.
KeywordsCore Curriculum Gender Quota Computing Education Creative Insight Woman Engineer
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