Subtrochanteric Fractures of the Femur

  • R. Hoffmann
  • S. Kolbeck


Fractures of the proximal femur occur predominantly in elderly patients and have a tremendous impact on the health care system. Approximately 250 000 fractures of the proximal femur occur in the United States each year [1], and this number is projected to double by the year 2050 as the population ages [2]. Osteoporosis, higher age, vestibular disease, vertigo, dementia, malignant tumor and cardiopulmonary disease are all associated with an increased risk of fractures of the proximal femur. With a rising prevalence of these fractures in a population of a growing average age, the incidence of these fractures in young people is also increasing. In the elderly these fractures are generally the result of low-energy trauma caused by a single fall. In young patients, in contrast, fractures around the hip and proximal femur fractures mainly occur with high-energy trauma and are generally associated with multiple injuries. Despite marked improvements in implant designs and surgical techniques, these fractures consume a substantial proportion of the health care resources. These facts demonstrate the importance of proximal femoral fractures both for the single patient and for society in general.


Proximal Femur Orthop Trauma Proximal Femur Fracture Subtrochanteric Fracture Proximal Fragment 
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© Springer-Verlag London 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Hoffmann
  • S. Kolbeck

There are no affiliations available

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