Bone Banks: Technical Aspects of the Preparation and Preservation of Articular Allografts

  • D. G. Poitout
  • Y. Nouaille-de-Gorce
Chapter

Abstract

For the technical aspects of this subject the Marseilles team collaborated with the Etablissement de Transfusion Sanguine Alpes-Provence (Alpes-Provence Blood Transfusion Service) to set up a bone bank on their premises because it has a competent cryobiology department equipped with storage tanks containing liquid nitrogen and a temperature-lowering programmer. This laboratory, which for a long time has been storing bone marrow, platelets, and various cryopreserved tissues, has the virology, bacteriology, quality control, and quality assurance laboratories of the Blood Transfusion Service and is accustomed to applying the transfusion safety standards. It was also one of the first in France to obtain the approval of the Microbiological Safety Committee of the Directorate General of Health in April 1996.

Keywords

Hepatitis DMSO Cobalt Tuberculosis Brittle 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Babin SR, Katzner M, Vidal PH, Simon P, Kempf JF, Keiling R, Schvingt E. Résection — reconstruction diaphysaire fémorale par allogreffe massive fixée par clou médullaire vérouillé. RCO 1987;73:25–9.Google Scholar
  2. Beaver RJ, Mahomed M, Bachstein D, Davis A, Zukor DJ, Gross AE. Fresh osteochondral allografts for posttraumatic defect in the knee. J Bone Joint Surg (BR) 1992;74-B:105–10.Google Scholar
  3. Brooks DB, Heiple KC, Herdon CH, Powell AE. Immunological factors in homogenous bone transplantation. IV. The effect of various methods of preparation and irradiation on antigenicity. J Bone Joint Surg 1969;45A:1617.Google Scholar
  4. Brown K, Crues SR. Bone and cartilage transplantation, in orthopeadic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1982; 64:270–9.Google Scholar
  5. Burchardt H, Enneking WF. Transplantation of bone. Surg Clin North Am 1978;58:409.Google Scholar
  6. Burchardt H. The biology of bone graft repair. Clin Orthop 1983;174:121–35.Google Scholar
  7. Burchardt H, Jones H, Gloweczewskie F, Rudner C, Enneking WF. Freeze-dried allogeneic segmental cortical bone grrafts in dogs. J Bone Joint Surg 1978;60A:1082.Google Scholar
  8. Burwell RG, Gowland G. Studies in the transplantation of bone. III. The immune responses of lymphnodes draining components of fresh homologous cancellous bone and homologous bone treated by different methods. J Bone Joint Surg 1962;44B:131.Google Scholar
  9. Burwell RG. Studies in the transplantation of bone. V. The capacity of fresh and treated homograftsof bone to evoke transplantation immunity. J Bone Joint Surg 1963;45B:386.Google Scholar
  10. Burwell RG. The fate of bone grafts. In: Apley AG, editor. Recent advances in orthopeadic, Baltimore, the Williams & wilkins Co. 1969;115.Google Scholar
  11. Burwell RG. The fate of freeze-dried bone allografts, transplant. Proc 1976;8(Suppl.1):95.Google Scholar
  12. Burwell RG, Gowland G, Dexter F. Studies in the transplantation of bone. VI. Further observations concerning the antigenicity of homologous cortical and cancellous bone. J Bone Joint Surg 1963;41B:597.Google Scholar
  13. Carr CR, Hyatt GW. Clinical evaluation of freeze-dried bone grafts. J Bone Joint Surg 1955;37A:549.Google Scholar
  14. Carrel A. La conservation des tissus et ses applications en chirurgie. J Am Med — Techniques chirurgicales orthopédique, Paris. 1984;44090:4–7–10.Google Scholar
  15. Chalmers J. Transplantation immunity in bone grafting. J Bone Joint Surg 1959;41B:160.Google Scholar
  16. Charpentier B. Mécanisme du rejet des allogreffes. Presse Méd 1984;13:2697–700.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Chrisman OD, Fessel JM, Southwick WO. Experimental production of synovitis and marginal articular exostose in the knee joint of dogs. Yale J Biol Med 1964;37:409.Google Scholar
  18. Coutelier L, Delloye CH, De Nayer P, et Vincent A. Aspects microradiographiques des allogreffes osseuses chez l’homme. Rev Chir Orthop 1984;70:581–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Cracchiolo A, III, Michaeli D, Goldberg LS, Fudenberg HH. The occurrence of antibodies to collagen in synovial fluids. Clin Immonol Immunopathol 1975;3:567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Curran WJ. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. Engl J Med 1969;280:36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Darcy DA. Reaction of rabbits to frozen homografts. Pathol Bacteriol 1955;70:143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Devries PH, Badgley CE, Hartman JT. Radiation sterilization of homogenous-bone transplants utilizing radioactiv cobalt. Preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1958;40:187–203.Google Scholar
  23. Duffy P, Wolf J, Collins G, De Voe AG, Streeten B, Cowen D. Possible person-to-person transmission of Creutzfeld-Jacob disease. N Engl J Med 1974;290:692.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Duparc J, Nordin JY, Olivier H, Augereau B. Les résections-reconstructions dans les tumeurs osseuses des membres et du bassin. Encycl Méd Chir — Techniques Chirurgicales Orthopédie 1984;44090:4–7–10.Google Scholar
  25. Elves MW. Humoralimmune response to allografts of bone. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1974;47:708.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Elves MW. Newer knowledge of immunology of bone and cartilage. Clin Orthop 1976; 120:232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Elves MW, Ford CHJ. A study of the humoral immunce response to osteoarticular allografts in the sheep. Clin Exp Immunol 1974; 17:497.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Friedlaender GE, Mankin HJ. Guidelines for the banking of muqculoskeletal tissues. Am Assoc Tissues Banks Newsletter 1980;4(suppl.):30.Google Scholar
  29. Friedlaender GE. Current concepts. Review: Bone-banking. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1982;64:307–11.Google Scholar
  30. Friedlaender GE. Immune response to osteochondral allografts. Clin Orthop 1983;174:58–67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Friedlaender GE, Ladenbauer-Bellis I, Chrisman OD. Cartilage matrix components as antigenic agents in a osteoarthritis model. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1980;5:170.Google Scholar
  32. Friedlaender GE, Mankin HJ, Kenneth W. Osteochondral allografts (biology, banking and clinical applications). Little Brown, Boston Toronto, 1982.Google Scholar
  33. Friedlaender GE, Strong DM, Sell KW Donor graft specific anti-HL-A antibodies following freeze-dried bone allografts. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1977;2:87.Google Scholar
  34. Friedlaender GE, Strong DM, Sell KW. Studies on the antigenicity of bone. I. Freeze-dried and deep-frozen bone allografts in rabbits. J Bone Joint Surg 1976;58A:854.Google Scholar
  35. George CR, Chrisman OD. The role of cartilage polysaccharides in osteoarthritis. Clin Orthop 1968;57:259.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Giant T, Hadas E, Nagry TJ. Cell-mediated and humoral immune responses to cartilage antigenic components. Scand J Immunol 1979;9:29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Golberg V, Heiple K. Experimental hemijoint and whole transplantation. Clin Orthop 1983;174:43–53.Google Scholar
  38. Goldberg V, Bos G, Heiple K, Zita J, Powell A. Improved acceptance of frozen bone allografts in genetically mismatched dogs by immunosuppression. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1984;66:937–50.Google Scholar
  39. Greiff D, Milson TJ. Functional activities of isolated lym-phocytess following drying by sublimation of ice in vacus. I. Rosette formation, stimulation by plant lectins (mitogens) and the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Cry-obiology 1980;17:319.Google Scholar
  40. Gresham RB. The freeze-dried cortical bone homograft: a roentgenographic and histologic evaluation. Clin Orthop 1964;37:194.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Gross A, McKee N, Pritzker K, Langer F. Reconstruction of skeletal deficit at the knee. Clin Orthop 1983; 174: 96–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Gross AE, Langer F, Houpt J, Pritzker K, Friedlander CE. The allotransplantation of the partial joints in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Transplant Proc 1976;8(suppl.I):129.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Gross AE, Langer F, Silverstein EA, Falk R, Falk J. The allotransplantation of the partial joints in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Clin Orthop 1975;108:7–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Guilleminet, Stagnara, Dubost-Perret, Jarret, Audry. Utilisation d’os hétérogènes réfrigérés en chirurgie humaine. Lyon Chir 47Nè1, Janvier 1952.Google Scholar
  45. Hedde C, Postei M, Kerboul M, Courpied JP. La réparation du cotyle par homogreffe osseuse conservée au cours des révisions de prothèse totale de hanche. Rev Chir Orthop 1986;72:267–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Heiple KG, Chase SW, Herndon CH. A comparativ study of the healing process following different types of bone transplantation. J Bone Joint Surg 1963;45A:1593.Google Scholar
  47. Hiky V, Mankin HJ. Radical resection and allograft replacement in the treatment of bone tumors. J Jpn Orthop Assoc 1980;54:475.Google Scholar
  48. Houff SA, Burton RC, Wilson RW, •• AL. Human-to-human transmission of rabies virus by corneal transplant. N Engl J Med 1979;300:603.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Huten D. Utilisation des allogreffes osseuses dans les reconstructions fémorales au cours des reprises de prothèse totale de hanche. Rev Chir Orthop 1988; 74:122–4.Google Scholar
  50. Hyatt GW, Butler MC. Bone grafting. The procurement storage and clinical use of bone homograft. In America Association of Orthopeadic Sugeons: Instructional courses lectures. Ann Arbor, Mich., J.W. Edwards Co. 1957;14:343.Google Scholar
  51. Inclan A. L’emploi des greffes osseuses conservées en Orthopédie. J Bone Joint Surg 1942;26:81–96, Janvier.Google Scholar
  52. Inclan A. Use of preserved bone graft in orthopeadic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg 1942;26:81.Google Scholar
  53. James JIP. Tuberculosis transmitted by banked bone. J Bone Joint Surg 1953;35B:578.Google Scholar
  54. Judet H, et Padovani JP. Transplantation d’articulation complète. Rev Chir Orthop 1983;67:359–60.Google Scholar
  55. Judet J, Aviset A. Homogreffes provenants de la banque d’os. Mem Acad Chir Nè, 1948;27–8:671.Google Scholar
  56. Koskinen EV, Salenius P, Alho A. Allogeneic transplantation inlow-grade malignant bone tumors. Acta Orthop Scand 1979;50:129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kossowska-Paul B. Studies on the regional lymph node plastic reaction evoked by allogeneic grafts of fresh and preserved bone tissue. Bull Acad Polon Sci 1966; 14:651.Google Scholar
  58. Kruez FP, Hyatt GW, Turner TC, Basset AL. The preservation and clinical use of freeze-dried bone. J Bone Joint Surg 1951;33AA:863.Google Scholar
  59. Langer F, Czitrom A, Pritzker KP, Gross AE. The immuno-genicity of fresh and frozen allogeneic bone. J Bone Joint Surg 1975;57A:216.Google Scholar
  60. Lee EH, Langer F, Halloran P, Gross AE, Ziv I. The effect of major and minor histocompatibility differences on bone transplant bealing in inbred mice. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1979;4:60.Google Scholar
  61. Lee EH, Langer F, Halloran P, Gross AE, Ziv I. The immunology of osteochondral and massive allografts. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1979;4:61.Google Scholar
  62. Lexter E. Die Verwendung der freien knochenplastik nebst versuchen über gelenkversteifung und gelenktransplan-tation. Arch Klin Chir 1908;86:939.Google Scholar
  63. Lexter E. Joint transplantation and arthrosplasty. Sug Gynecol Obstet 1925;40:782.Google Scholar
  64. Locht R, Gross A, Langer F. Late osteochondral allograft resurfacing for tibia plateau fractures. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1984;66:328–35.Google Scholar
  65. Macewen W. Observations concerning trannsplantation of bone. Illustrated by case of inter-human osseous transplantation, where by ovre two-thirds of shaft of a humerus was restored. Pro R Soc Lond 1881;32:232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Mankin HJ, Doppelt SH, Tomford WW. Clinical experience with allograft implantation. Clin Orthop 1983; 174:69–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Mankin HJ, Doppelt SH, Sullivan TR, Tomford WW. Osteoar-ticular and intercalary allograft transplantation in the management of malignant tumors of bone. Cancer 1983;50:613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Mankin HJ, Fogelson FS, Trasher AZ, Jaffer F. Massive resection and allograft transplantation in the treament of malignant bone tumors. N Engl J Med 1976;294:1247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Marsh B, Flynn L, Enneking W Immunologic aspects of osteosarcoma and their application to therapy, a preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg 1972;54A:1367.Google Scholar
  70. Merle D’Aubigne R. A propos de la résection pour tumeurs du genou. Rev Chir Orthop 1963;67:359–60.Google Scholar
  71. Meyers MH, Chatterjee SN. Osteochondral transplantation. Surg Clin North Am 1978;58:429.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Mnaymneh W, Emerson RH, Brajao F, Head WC, Malinin TI. Massive allografts in slavage revision of failed total knee arthroplasties. Clin Orthop 1990;269:144–53.Google Scholar
  73. Musculo DL, Kawai S, Ray RD. Cellular and humoral immune response analysis of bone-allografted rats. J Bone Joint Surg 1976;58A:826.Google Scholar
  74. Nimelstein SH, Hotti AR, Homan HR. Transformation of a histocompatibility immunogen into a tolerogen. J Exp Med 1973;128:723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Ollier L. Traité expérimental et clinique de la régénération des os. Victor Masson & fils, Paris 1867.Google Scholar
  76. Ottolenghi CE. Massive osteo and osteo-articular bone grafts: technic and results of 62 cases. Clin Orthop 1972;87:156.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Parrish FF. Allograft replacement of all part of the end of a long bone following excision of a tumor: report of twenty-one cases. J Bone Joint Surg 1973;55A:1.Google Scholar
  78. Penn I. The incidence of malignancies in transplant recipients. Transplant Proc 1975;7(2):323.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Pelkers R, Friedlander G, Markham T. Biomechanical properties of bone allografts. Clin Orthop 1983;174: 54–7.Google Scholar
  80. Poitout D, et Tropiano P. Les reconstitutions du cotyle après chirurgie iteractive de la hanche — A propos de 37 cas. Bulletin de l’Académie Nationale de Médecine. 180-Nè3, 1996;515–31.Google Scholar
  81. Poitout D. Allografts of the patella and extensor apparatus. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;42–9.Google Scholar
  82. Poitout D. Allotraplanto delia rotula e dell’apparato esten-sor. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;42–9.Google Scholar
  83. Poitout D. Banche d’osso: aspetti tecnici criopreservazione di allotraplanti osteocartilagineo. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;178–9.Google Scholar
  84. Poitout D. Bone bank: technical aspects of cryopreservation osteocartilaginous grafts. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;178–9.Google Scholar
  85. Poitout D. Conservation et utilisation de l’os de banque. Cahier d’enseignement de la S.O.F.C.O.T Nè23. Expansion scientifique. Conférence 1985; 157–77.Google Scholar
  86. Poitout D. Future of bone allografts in massive bone resection for tumor. Presse Médicale 1996;30;25(11):570–30.Google Scholar
  87. Poitout D. Greffes utilisées pour reconstruire l’appareil locomoteur. Masson, Paris 1986.Google Scholar
  88. Poitout D. Knee reconstruction prosthesis incorporating a large allograft. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1995;145–51.Google Scholar
  89. Poitout D. L’os biomateriaux. «Bulletin de l’Académie de Nationale de médecine». Communication à l’Académie Nationale de Médecine. Paris, 14 mars 1995. 1995;179;3:517–36.Google Scholar
  90. Poitout D. Les greffes de l’appareil locomoteur. Académie de Chirurgie (Paris, 10 avril 1996). «Mémoire de l’académie de Chirurgie», 1996.Google Scholar
  91. Poitout D. Les reconstructions de cotyle après chirurgie iterative de la hanche. (A propos de 37 cas). Académie Nationale de Médecine. Paris, 5 mars 1996. «Bulletin de l’Académie de Nationale de médecine», 1996;180;3:515–31.Google Scholar
  92. Poitout D. Protesi di ricostruzione di ginocchio con allotraplanto massivo. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;145–51.Google Scholar
  93. Poitout D. Reconstruction du cotyle et de l’hémibassin par allogreffe ou prothèse méttalique massive sur mesure. 73ème Réunion Annuelle de la S.O.F.C.O.T. — Paris les 10–13 novembre 1998. Revue de chirurgie Orthopédique, 84, Nè218, 1998; 120–1.Google Scholar
  94. Poitout D, Bernat M, Martin G, Tropiano P. Indications des greffes osteocartilagineuses massives en traumatologie du genou. Acta Orthopedica Bélgica. Vol. 62, Nè6, 1996;59–65.Google Scholar
  95. Poitout D, Bernat M, Martin G, Tropiano P. Indications des greffes osteo-cartilagineuses massives en traumatologie du genou. «Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica», Edition Scandinavian University Press, Vol. 62, 1997; suppl.l.Google Scholar
  96. Poitout D, Bernat M, Moulene JF, Tropiano P. Allogreffes de cotyle et d’hémi-bassin. A propos de 37 cas. 71ème Réunion Annuelle de la S.O.F.C.O.T. — Paris les 12–15 novembre 1996. Revue de chirurgie Orthopédique, 1996;87;152:100.Google Scholar
  97. Poitout D, Bernat M, Moulene JF, Tropiano P. Allogreffes osteochondrales ou prothèses articulaires en chirurgie traumatologique ou oncologique du genou. 71ème Réunion Annuelle de la S.O.F.C.O.T. — Paris les 12–15 novembre 1996. Revue de chirurgie Orthopédique, 1996;69–70,87–99.Google Scholar
  98. Poitout D, Bernat M, Moulene JF, Tropiano P. Devenir des fractures du col du fémur. 71eme Réunion Annuelle de la S.O.F.C.O.T. — Paris les 12–15 novembre 1996. Revue de chirurgie Orthopédique, 1996;87; 153:100–1.Google Scholar
  99. Poitout D, Bernat M, Moulene JF, Tropiano P. Indications for cryopreserved allografts in tumoral pathology. European Journal of Orthopeadic Surgery and traumatology. Vol. 7,1997; 100–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Poitout D, Berna M, Moulene JF, Tropiano P. Massive HIP prothèse ensheated by allografts. European Journal of Orthopeadic Surgery and traumatology. Vol. 7, 1997; 123–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Poitout D, Dubousset JF, Tomeno B. Arthrectomie monobloc du genou. «Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique», 1995;81–6:565, Paris.Google Scholar
  102. Poitout D, Lempadakis M, Berna M, Lecoq C, Martin G, Aswad R. Secondary internal osteosynthesis after fixation for recent or lower limb. «Revue de chirurgie orthopédique Réparatrice», 1996;82(2): 137–44.Google Scholar
  103. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X. Osteocartilaginous graft of the upper tibia. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;170–7.Google Scholar
  104. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X. Allotraplanto osteocartilagineo massivo dell’estremita superiore della tibia. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio -Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;170–7.Google Scholar
  105. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X. Allotraplanto osteo-cartilagineo massive dell’estremita inferiore del femore. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995; 164–9.Google Scholar
  106. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X. Osteocartilaginous graft of the lower extremity of the femur. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;164–9.Google Scholar
  107. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X, Berna M. Les sarcomes ostéogeniques de l’extrémité inférieur du fémur. Techniques de reconstruction — L’avenir. «Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique», Communication à l’Académie Nationale de Chirurgie, Paris le 29 mars 1995. 1995;566:81–6.Google Scholar
  108. Poitout D, Lempidakis M, et Loncle X, Bernat M. Reconstructions massives du cotyle et du fémur proximal. Académie de Chirurgie (Paris, 1994). «Mémoire de l’académie de Chirurgie» Tome Nè5,1994–5; 120.Google Scholar
  109. Poitout D, Lempidakis M. Artificial ligament repairs. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996; 76–85.Google Scholar
  110. Poitout D, Lempidakis M. Legamentoplastiche artificiali. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;76–85.Google Scholar
  111. Poitout D, Loncle X. Legamento crociato posteriore. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;86–8.Google Scholar
  112. Poitout D, Loncle X. Posterior cruciate ligament. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;86–8.Google Scholar
  113. Poitout D, Lu J, Huang ZW, Tropiano P, Clouet D’Orval B, Remusant M, Dejou J, Proust JP. Human biological reactions at the interface between bone tissues and poly-methylmethacryalate cement. J Mater Sci Mater Med 2000;803–9.Google Scholar
  114. Poitout D, Nandiegou Y, Lempidakis M. Legamentoplatica artificiale. Atlante di technica chirurgica del ginocchio — Edition Masson — Milan, 1995;89–93.Google Scholar
  115. Poitout D, Nandiegou Y, Lempidakis M. Artificial ligament repair. Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;89–93.Google Scholar
  116. Poitout D, Novakovich G. Allogreffes et banque d’os. Encyclopédie Médico-chirurgicale (Paris-France), appareil locomoteur 14015AIO, 1986;5–6.Google Scholar
  117. Poitout D, Ozoux P. Intra-articular repair of the posterior cruciate ligament using either semitendinosus or gracilis tendons (Lindenmann’s operation). Atlas of open knee surgery. Edition CHAPMAN & HALL, 1996;94–5.Google Scholar
  118. Poitout D, Tropiano P, Bernat M, Loncle X, Martin G. Greffes articulaires, mythe ou réalité? Entretiens de Bichat 1995. Paris 25–30 septembre 1995. «Chirurgie-Spécialité», 1995;43–6.Google Scholar
  119. Poitout D, Tropiano P, Bernat M, Moulene JF. Reconstruction massive de cotyle et du fémur proximal. Les Arcs, 20–25 janvier 1996. «European Journal of Orthopaedic surgery and traumatology.» 1996;6:271–7.Google Scholar
  120. Pool AR, Reiner A, Choi H, Rosenberg LC. Immunological studies of proteoglycan subunit from bovine and human cartilage. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1979;4:55.Google Scholar
  121. Pujet J, Utheza G. Reconstructionde l’os iliaque à l’aide du fémur homoilatéréal après résection pour tumeur pelvienne. Rev Chir Orthop 1986;72:151–5.Google Scholar
  122. Rodrigo JJ. Distal rat femur allografts: a surgical model for induction of humoral cytotoxic antibodies. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1977;2:265.Google Scholar
  123. Rodrigo JJ, Fuller TC, Mankin HJ. Cytotoxic HL-A, antibodies in patient with bone and cartilage allografts. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1976;1:131.Google Scholar
  124. Roy-Camille R, Laugier A, Ruyssen S, Chenal C, Bisserie M, Pene F, Saillant G. Evolution des greffes osseusescortico-spongieuses et radiothérapie. Rev Chir Orthop 1981;67: 599–608.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Sadler AM, JR, Sadler BL. Providing cadaver organs: three legal alternatives. Hastings Center Studies I, 1973;14.Google Scholar
  126. Sadler AM, Jr, Sadler BL, Stason EB, Stickel DL. Transplantation — a case for consent. N Engl J Med 1969;280:862.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sagi S, Turianskyj FH, Gyenes L. Immunogenicity of soluble murine histocomptabilicity antigens. Immunol Commun 1974;3:85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Salama R. Xenogeneic bone grafting in humans. Clin Orthop 1983;174:113–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Schachar NS, Friedlander GE, Mankin HJ. Bone transplantation. In Slavin S (ed) Organ transplantation: presentstate, future goals, Amsterdam, Elsevier/North-Holland biomedical Press B.V. (in press).Google Scholar
  130. Schachar NS, Fuller TC, Wadsworth PL, Henry WB, Mankin HJ. A feline model for the study of frozen osteoarticu-lar allografts. Development of lymphocytotoxic antibodies in allograft recipients. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1978;3:131.Google Scholar
  131. Schachar NS, Mankin HJ, Wadsworth PL, Henry WB, Castronovo FP. A feline model for the study of frozen osteoarticular allografts. I. Quantitative assessment of cartilage viability and bone healing. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1978;3:130.Google Scholar
  132. Sell KW, Friedlander GE, Editors. Tissues banking for transplantation, New-York, Grune & Stratton, Inc, 1976.Google Scholar
  133. Sell KW, Friedlander GE, Strong DM. Immunogenicity and freeze-drying, Cryoimmunology 1976; 17:187.Google Scholar
  134. Shneider JR, Bright RW. Anterior cervical fusion using preserved bone allografts. Trans Proc 1976;8(suppl.):73.Google Scholar
  135. Shutkin NM. Homologous-serum hepatitis following use of refrigerated bone-bank bone: report of case. J Bone Joint Surg 1954;36A:160.Google Scholar
  136. Solomon L. Bone Grafts. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1991;73-B:706–7.Google Scholar
  137. Spence KF, Sell KW, Brown RH. Solitary bone cyst: treatment with freeze-dried cancellous bone allograft. J Bone Joint Surg 1969;51A:87.Google Scholar
  138. Stockley I, McAuley JP, Gross AE. Allograft reconstruction in total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1992;74-B:393–7.Google Scholar
  139. Syftestad G, Urist M. Bone aging. Clin Orthop 1982; 162: 288–97.Google Scholar
  140. Takagi K, Urist M. The reaction of the dura to bone mor-phogenetic protein (BMP) in repair of skull defects. Ann Surg 1982;196:100–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Takagi K, Urist M. The role of bone marrow in bone mor-phogenetic protein-induced repair of femoral massive diaphyseal defects. Clin Orthop 1982;171:224–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Takami H, Doi T, Ninomiya S. Reconstruction of a large tibial defect with a free vascularized fibular graft. Arch Orthop Surg 1984;102:203–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Tavernier. Sur les greffes d’os tué. Lyon Chir., 1922, séance du 17 novembre 1921. Utilisation d’os purum. Lyon Chir 1930.Google Scholar
  144. Tomford WW, Fredricks GR, Mankin HJ. Cryopreservation of intact articular cartilage. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1982;7:176.Google Scholar
  145. Tomford WW, Fredricks GR, Mankin HJ. Cryopreservation of isolated chondrocytes. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1982;6:100.Google Scholar
  146. Tomford WW, Mankin HJ, Doppelt S. Bone bank procedures. Clin Orthop 1983;174:15–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Tomford WW, Starkweather RJ, Golman MH. A study of the clinical incidence of infection in the use of banked allograft bone. J Bone Joint Surg 1981;63A:244.Google Scholar
  148. Trentham DE, Townes AS, Kang AH, David JR. Humoral and cellular sensitivity to collagen in type II. Collagen induced arthritis in rats. J Clin Invest 1978;61:89.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. A Tuffier. Des greffes chirurgicales chez l’homme. Bull et Mém Soc Chir 36, 983, Paris 1910.Google Scholar
  150. Urist MR. Human bone morphogenetic protein. Proc Soc Exp iol Med 173:194–9.Google Scholar
  151. Urist MR. Practical applications of basic reseach on bone graft physiology. In AAOS: Instructional Course Lectures, 25:1, St Louis, The C.V. Mosby Co, 1976.Google Scholar
  152. Urist MR, Delange R, Finermann G. Bone cell differentiation and growth factors. Science 1983;220:680–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Urist MR, Mikulski A, Boyd SD. A chemosterilized antigen-extracted autodigested alloimplant for bone banks. Arch Surg 1975;110:416.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Volkov M, Imamaliyev AS. Use of allogenous articular bone implants as substitutes for autotransplants in adult patients, Clin Orthop 1976;114:192.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Volkov M. Allotransplantation of joints. J Bone and Joint Surg (Br) 1970;52B:49–53.Google Scholar
  156. Weiland A, Moore R, Daniel R. Vascularized bone autografts. Clin Orthop 1983; 174.Google Scholar
  157. Weislander J, Heinegard D. Immunochemical analysis of cartilage proteoglycans: antigenic determinants of substructures. Biochem J 1979; 179:35.Google Scholar
  158. Wilson PD. Follow-up study of the use of refrigerated homogenous bone transplants in orthopaedic operations. J Bone and Joint Surg 1951;33A:307.Google Scholar
  159. Wilson RE, Penn I. Fate of tumors transplanted with a renal allograft. Transplant Proc 1975;7(2):327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Wittbjer J, Palmer B, Rohlin M, Thorngren K. Osteogenetic activity in composite grafts of demineralized compact bone and marrow. Clin Orthop 1983;173:229–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Yablon I, Brandt KD, Delellis RA. The antigenic determinants of articular cartilage: their role in the homograft rejection. Trans Orthop Res Soc 1977;2:90.Google Scholar
  162. Yablon I, Copperband S, Covall D. Matrix antigens in allografts. Clin Orthop 1982;168:243–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Yamane K, Nathenson SG. Biochemical similarity of papain-solubilized H-2d, alloantigens from tumor cells and from normal cells. Biochemistry 1970;9:4743.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Zaleske D, Ehrlich M, Piliero C, May J, Mankin HJ. Growth plate behavior in whole joint replantation in the rabbit. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 1982;64:249–57.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. G. Poitout
  • Y. Nouaille-de-Gorce

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations