There are two main types of therapeutic electrical stimulation devices available for physiotherapeutic application: battery-operated units suitable for home and hospital use, and mains-operated units generally used in hospitals. Both are capable of delivering a current intensity sufficient to depolarise sensory and motor nerves. Furthermore, many different names are given to this therapy, which can cause confusion. At high intensity, these devices can be used to strengthen striated muscles in the management of stress incontinence,1 and normalise micturition reflexes in the treatment of detrusor overactivity and retention.2–5 The availability of home units has enabled daily or twice daily treatments, resulting in improved health gains.


Electrical Stimulation Duty Cycle Pelvic Floor Muscle Stress Incontinence Pudendal Nerve 
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© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Laycock
  • D. B. Vodušek

There are no affiliations available

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