The Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome

  • Mary Ellen Leder Skalina
  • Richard J. Martin
  • Avroy A. Fanaroff


Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), also known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD), continues to be one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity in newborn babies; however, lack of a precise definition necessitates cautious interpretation of any statistics regarding incidence, mortality, and results of treatment [13, 31, 40, 43, 44, 55, 60]. The diagnosis can be clearly established if hyaline membranes are present at autopsy or a deficiency of pulmonary surfactant is documented after delivery; but most series will rely on differing combinations of clinical features, biochemical derangements, and radiologic abnormalities to establish the diagnosis. This chapter will be concerned with various aspects of hyaline membrane disease, with particular emphasis on respiratory support.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Respiratory Distress Syndrome Peak Inspiratory Pressure Pulmonary Artery Hypertension Hyaline Membrane Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Ellen Leder Skalina
  • Richard J. Martin
  • Avroy A. Fanaroff

There are no affiliations available

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