What Types of Bonds Are Responsible for the Adhesion of Bacteria and Viruses to Native and Artificial Surfaces?

  • Stellan Hjertén
  • Torkel Wadström


Most bacteria and the surfaces to which they attach are negatively charged. Thus, there is repulsion between the bacterium and the surface target of attachment that must be overcome if adhesion is to occur. This happens most often by hydrophobic interaction, which can be transformed to or reinforced by short range van der Waals bonds. Therefore, an understanding of these hydrophobic interactions is important in understanding bacterial adhesion. The nature of these interactions and how they can be differentiated from electrostatic forces by altering ionic strength and temperature are presented. Methods to determine surface charge and hydrophobicity of bacteria are compared and ways to manipulate these factors are discussed.


Hydrophobic Interaction Electrostatic Repulsion Dodecanoic Acid Bacterial Adhesion Cell Surface Hydrophobicity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stellan Hjertén
  • Torkel Wadström

There are no affiliations available

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