Safety and Patient Management

  • Philip T. English
  • Christine Moore


The statement “MRI is a totally safe imaging modality” is often made by clinicians. However, such statements are only true if certain well thought out guidelines are followed. The major safety considerations in MRI can be divided into the following groups:
  1. 1.
    Static magnetic field
    1. (a)

      Biological effects

    2. (b)

      Attraction effects

  2. 2.

    Time varying magnetic fields

  3. 3.

    Radiofrequency effects

  4. 4.

    Cryogenic effects

  5. 5.

    Psychological effects

  6. 6.

    Use of intravenous gadolinium



Static Magnetic Field Cochlear Implant Cardiac Pacemaker Specific Absorption Rate Fringe Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip T. English
    • 1
  • Christine Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.NeuroradiologyNewcastle General HospitalNewcastle upon TyneUK

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