Advertisement

Normal Microscopic Structure

  • A. H. Cruickshank
Chapter

Abstract

The exocrine pancreas is a compound acinar gland, that is, it is formed by the branching of its main duct into subdivisions into which secretory units discharge their product. The secretory unit is the acinus and groups of acini form lobules that are surrounded by, and separated from neighbouring lobules by, delicate connective tissue septa (Fig. 2.1). Each acinus consists of a single layer of pyramidal broad-based cells that rest upon a basal lamina. The nucleus of the acinar cells lies towards the base of the cell and the basophilic cytoplasm towards the lumen of the acinus contains zymogen granules that are acidophilic and refractile (Fig.2.2). The secretion of the acinus enters the lumen of the acinus and is drained into the duct system by ductules that begin within the acinus as the centro-acinar cells. These are inconspicuous in routinely stained sections but they can be demonstrated by various techniques by which their staining reaction can be made to contrast with that of the acinar cells (Fig. 2.2).

Keywords

Beta Cell Chronic Pancreatitis Pancreatic Duct Islet Cell Acinar Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baxter-Grillo D, Blázques E, Grillo TAI, Sodoyez J-G, Sodoyez- Goffaux F, Foa PP (1981) Functional development of the pancreatic islets. In: Cooperstein SJ, Watkins D (eds) The islets of Langerhans. Academic Press, New York, pp 3 5–49Google Scholar
  2. Becker WF, Welsh RA, Pratt HS (1965) Cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Ann Surg 161:845–863PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burry AF (1974) Extreme dysplasia in the renal epithelium, and dysplasia of endocrine and exocrine pancreas in a young woman dying from hepatocarcinoma. J Pathol 113:147–150PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark A, Grant AM (1983) Quantitative morphology of endocrine cells in human fetal pancreas. Diabetologica 25:31–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cooperstein SJ, Watkins D (1981) The islets of Langerhans. Biochemistry, physiology, and pathology. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Dixon JS (1979) Histology: ultrastructure. In: Howat HT, Sarles H (eds) The exocrine pancreas. WB Saunders, London, pp 31–49Google Scholar
  7. Doubilet H, Mulholland JH (1956) Eight-year study of pancreatitis and sphincterotomy. J Am Med Assoc 160:521–528PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. England MA (1983) A colour atlas of life before birth. Normal fetal development. Wolfe Medical Publications, London, p 127Google Scholar
  9. Gepts W (1981) Islet changes in human diabetes. In: Cooperstein SJ, Watkins D (eds) The islets of Langerhans. Academic Press, New York, pp 339–341Google Scholar
  10. Heitz PU, Beglinger C, Gyr K (1984) Anatomy and physiology of the exocrine pancreas. In: Klöppel G, Heitz HU (eds) Pancreatic pathology. Churchill Livingstone, London, pp 3–21Google Scholar
  11. Henderson JR, Daniel PM, Fraser PA (1981) The pancreas as a single organ: The influence of the endocrine upon the exocrine part of the gland. Gut 2 2:15 8–16 7Google Scholar
  12. Herman L, Fitzgerald PJ (1962) Restitution of pancreatic acinar cells following ethionine. J Cell Biol 12:297–312PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heyderman E (1979) Immunoperoxidase technique in histopathology: Application, methods, and controls. J Clin Pathol 32:971–978PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hollender LF, Lehnert P, Wanke M (1983) Acute pancreatitis. An interdisciplinary synopsis. Urban and Schwarzenberg, Munich, Vienna, Baltimore, p 34Google Scholar
  15. Imrie CW, Goldring J, Pollock JG, Wall JK (1977) Acute pancreatitis after translumbar aortography. Br Med J in:681Google Scholar
  16. Ivemark B, Oldfelt B, Zetterström R (1959) Familial dysplasia of kidneys, liver and pancreas: A probably genetically determined syndrome. Acta Pediatr 48:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Klöppel G, Lenzen S (1984) Anatomy and physiology of the endocrine pancreas. In: Klöppel G, Heitz PU (eds) Pancreatic pathology. Churchill Livingstone, London, pp 133–153Google Scholar
  18. Like AL, Orci L (1972) Embryogenesis of the human pancreatic islets: A light and electron microscopic study. Diabetes 21 [Suppl 2]:511–534PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu HM, Potter EL (1962) Development of the human pancreas. Arch Pathol 74:439–452PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Longnecker DS, Shinozuka H, Dekker A (1980) Focal acinar cell dysplasia in human pancreas. Cancer 45:534–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McLean JM (1979) Embryology of the pancreas. In: Howat HT, Sarles H (eds) The exocrine pancreas. WB Saunders, London Phuadelphia, pp 3–14Google Scholar
  22. McMinn RMH (1969) Tissue repair. Academic Press, London, pp 356–359Google Scholar
  23. Munger BL (1981) Morphological characterisation of islet cell diversity. In: Cooperstein SJ, Watkins D (eds) The islets of Langerhans. Academic Press, New York, pp 3–34Google Scholar
  24. Pearse AGE (1984) Islet development and the APUD concept. In: Klöppel G, Heitz PU (eds) Pancreatic pathology. Churchill Livingstone, London, pp 125–132Google Scholar
  25. Pearson KW, Scott D, Torrance HB (1975) Pancreatic regeneration following pancreatic resection. Gut 16:404–405PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Peart WS, Porter KA, Robertson JIS, Sandler M, Baldock E (1963) Carcinoid syndrome due to pancreatic duct neoplasm secreting 5-hydroxytryptophan and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Lancet 1:239–243PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pendower JEH, Tanner NC (1959–60) Pancreatitis following gastrectomy. Br J Surg 47:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pollock AV (1974) Pancreatic trauma and idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis: A long-term follow-up. Study of 4 patients. Br J Surg 61:112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pour P (1980) Experimental pancreatic ductal (ductular) tumors. In: Fitzgerald PJ, Morrison AB (eds) The pancreas. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 111–139Google Scholar
  30. Raitzina SS, Faratina LM, Kashintzeva VN (1965) Regenerative hypertrophy of pancreas in monkey. Arkh Anat Gistol Embriol 49:43–48 [In Russian but with summary in English]Google Scholar
  31. Rich AR, Duff GL (1936) Experimental and pathological studies on the pathogenesis of acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis. Bull John Hopkins Hosp 58:212–2 60Google Scholar
  32. Roberts PF (1974) Pyloric gland metaplasia of the human pancreas. A comparative histochemical study. Arch Pathol 97:92–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Roberts PF, Bums J (1972) A histochemical study of mucins in normal and neoplastic human pancreatic tissue. J Pathol 107:87–94PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shinozuka H, Lee RE, Dunn JL, Longnecker DS (1980) Multiple atypical acinar cell nodules of the pancreas. Human Pathol 11:389–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sfa-ayer DS, Kissane JM (1979) Dysplasia of the kidneys, liver, and pancreas: Report of a variant of Ivemark’s syndrome. Human Pathol 10:228–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tiscomia OM, Dreiling DA (1966) Does the pancreatic gland regenerate.? Gastroenterology 51:267–271Google Scholar
  37. Torrance B (1979) Traumatic lesions of the pancreas. In: Howat HT, Sarles H (eds) The exocrine pancreas. WB Saunders, London, pp 340–351Google Scholar
  38. Volkholz H, Stolte M, Becker V (1982) Epithelial dysplasias in chronic pancreatitis. Virchows Arch A 396:331–349Google Scholar
  39. Walters MN-I (1965) Goblet-cell metaplasia in ductules and acini of the exocrine pancreas. J Pathol Bacteriol 89:5 69–5 72Google Scholar
  40. Warren KW (1951) Acute pancreatitis and pancreatic injuries following subtotal gastrectomy. Surgery 29:643–6 5 7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Cruickshank
    • 1
  1. 1.LiverpoolUK

Personalised recommendations