Workplace Innovations: the Making of a Human-centred Industrial Culture

  • Francesco Garibaldo
Part of the Human-centred Systems book series (HCS)

Abstract

Workplace innovations in the form of group-work, team-working, lifelong learning are part of broader social and cultural horizons for the making of a human-centred industrial culture. These innovations go further than the socio-technical working life innovations such as human factor oriented or user-centred approaches. They are societal in the sense that they affect, and are affected by, all societal levels of the industrial culture, micro (the workplace level), meso- (the contextual level, that is the local societal context), and macro- (that is the wide social level such as the country and /or the regional level) levels. At the micro-level, the predominant tendency is the integration of roles and functions. The mesolevel refers to the leading relationship between each organisation and its environment; it is a process of mutual adaptation. It is at the macro-level where public and collective policies succeed or fail in creating the public vision and the general knowledge for supporting both the processes of innovation and adaptation, i.e. the process of change at both micro- and meso-levels.

Keywords

Permeability Economic Crisis Europe Marketing Coherence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bangeman Report (1994). Europe and the Global Information Society. Recommendation to the European Council, DGXIII, European Commission, Brussels.Google Scholar
  2. Belussi, F. and Garibaldo, F. (1994). `Waiting for the Future: a possible modellisation of the post-Fordist society: why the `old times’ are not yet finished and the `new times’ are still so far?’ Paper presented at New Visions of the Post-Industrial Society, Brighton, July 1994.Google Scholar
  3. Bion, W. (1961). Experiences in Groups and other Papers. Tavistock publications, London.Google Scholar
  4. Bradley, S. P., Hausman, J. A. and Nolan, R. L. (1993). Globalisation, Technology and Competition: The Fusion of Computers and Telecommunications in the 1990s. Harvard Business School Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  5. Bradley, S. P., Hausman, J. A. and Nolan, R. L. (1993). Globalisation, Technology and Competition: the fusion of computers and telecommunications in the 1990s. Harvard Business School Press, Boston: 5–11.Google Scholar
  6. Braudel, E (1973), Scritti Sulla Storia. Mondadori, Milano.Google Scholar
  7. Cooke, P (1994). `Building a 21st Century Regional Economy in Emilia Romagna’. International Workshop, Industrial Districts and Local Economies Development In Italy. Challenges And Policy Perspectives, Bologna, 1994, May 2–3, (cf. Telljohann, op. cit.). Google Scholar
  8. Dankbar, B. (1993). Economic Crisis and Institutional Change. Maastricht Universitaire PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunlop, J. T. (1994). Commission on The Future of Worker Management Relations. Fact Finding Report, U. S. Department of Labour and U. S. Department of Commerce Washington, May 1994. It is the so called Dunlop Commission, by the name of the chairperson: Prof. John T. Dunlop.Google Scholar
  10. Emery. M. (ed.), (1993). Participative Design for Participative Democracy. Centre for Continuing education, The Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  11. Ehn, P. (1988). Work Oriented Design of Computer Artifacts. Arbetslivscentrum, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  12. Garibaldo, F. (1993). Processi Di Globalizzazione - Spazio impresa.Google Scholar
  13. Garibaldo, F. (1994). Organisation and Framework for Managing the Social Dimensions of Change. IRES Materials, 10, Roma.Google Scholar
  14. Garibaldo, R (1995). La Qualita’ Totale Come Dilemma Politico - Riflessioni Dall’ Italia - forthcoming in German translation in ARBEIT, IRES, Rome.Google Scholar
  15. IG Metall, (1991). Tarifreform 2000 - ein gestaltungsrahmen fur die Industriearbeit der Zukunft. Frankfurt a.M. (`Qualified teamwork’ is the core structure of an `intelligent system of production’ proposed by the IG Metall. The concept of qualified teamwork connects a high as well as a broad level of technical and social qualification with elevated opportunities of self-regulation and a corresponding level of employee motivation).Google Scholar
  16. IRES, (1994). The Barilla Case Study Reports - IRES, Rome.Google Scholar
  17. IRES, (1995). The Force project, Technological Innovation and Evolution of the Professioanl Profiles: Needs Analysis and Vocational Up-dating Strategies. IRES, Roma.Google Scholar
  18. Jacobs, J. (1985). Cities and the Wealth Of Nations. First Vintage Books Edition, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Jürgens, U., Dohse, K., Maisch, T. and Stromel, H. P. (1987). `The Communication Structure between Management and Shop Floor: a Comparison of a Japanese and a German, inGoogle Scholar
  20. Jürgens, U., Malsch, T. and Dohse, K. (1993). Breaking From Taylorism. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kuhn, T. S. (1970). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd Edition. Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Landes, D. S. (1969). The Unbound Prometeus, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Linhart, D. (1985). `Managerial Innovation’, in AI dr Society, vol. 8.3.Google Scholar
  24. Marx, K (1857–1858), Grundisse, Harmodndsworth, Penguin Books, 1973Google Scholar
  25. Meghnagi, S. (1993a). Acquisizione Del Sapere E Competenza Negli Studi Di Matrice Cognitivista, in state-of-the-art papers in connection with Garibaldo, R, op. cit.Google Scholar
  26. Meghnagi, S. (1993b). La Formazione Delle Competenze Professionali Nei Processi Riorganizzativi - in AA. VV - Auto E Lavoro, Ediesse, Roma: 69–70.Google Scholar
  27. Merli, G.(1988). `IL Total Manufacturing Management’ in La Fabbrica Automatica: 297. North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change, And Economic Performance. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. OTA (1994). Electronic Enterprises. Looking to the Future. OTA-TCT-600, Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, May 1994. Chapter 2 and 3.Google Scholar
  29. Ouchi, W. G (1982). Theory Z. Avon Books, NY. Plant, in Trevor, M. (ed.), The Internationalization of Japanese Business. European and Japanese Perspectives. Campus/Westview, Frankfurt: 92–110.Google Scholar
  30. Polanyi, M. (1967). The Tacit Dimension. Anchor Books, Doubleday & Company, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Qvale, T. U. (1995). `The Role Of Research For The Social Shaping Of New Technologies: Designing A Research Strategy’, AI ér Society, vol. 8.3.Google Scholar
  32. Rebecchi, E. (1995). Difficulties and Potentialities of Group Work, AI ér Society, vol. 8.3.Google Scholar
  33. Reich, R. B. (1992). The Work of Nations. Vintage Books, NY.Google Scholar
  34. Roth, S. (1992). `Japanization or Going Our Own Way?’ in Hans-Bockler-Stitfung (ed.) Japanization or Going Our Own Way? Internationalization and Interest Representation. DusseldorfGoogle Scholar
  35. Telljohann, V. (1995). `Labour Oriented Research’, AI ér Society, vol. 8.3Google Scholar
  36. van Beinum, H. (1993). `The Kaleidoscope of Work Place Reform’ - in Naschold, F. et al., Constructing the New Industrial Society. Van Gorcum, Assen/ Maastricht.Google Scholar
  37. von Banemer, S. (1994). `Firms and Regional Contextual Factors of Industrial Development, Synthesis of the FINE regional network’ in Future of Industry Paper Series, FOP 373/Vol. 18 Brussels, CEC DG XII FAST programme, Brussels.Google Scholar
  38. Whitwam, D. (1994). interview with The Right Way to Go Global, Harvard Business Review, March-April 1994: 143.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Garibaldo

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations