Flexible Cystoscopy

  • C. G. Fowler
Part of the Clinical Practice in Urology book series (PRACTICE UROLOG)


The history of urological fibreoscopy is brief. Hopkins and Kapany (1954) were the first to show that an image could be transmitted via a flexible coordinated bundle of glass fibres, using optical principles patented in the 1920s by J. L. Baird (1927). It was quickly apparent that this innovation would revolutionise medical endoscopy. The rigid gastroscope was soon obsolete and the era of gastroenterological fibreoscopy arrived.


Bladder Neck Bladder Wall Insertion Tube Urologic Surgery Superficial Bladder Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

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  • C. G. Fowler

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