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The history of urological fibreoscopy is brief. Hopkins and Kapany (1954) were the first to show that an image could be transmitted via a flexible coordinated bundle of glass fibres, using optical principles patented in the 1920s by J. L. Baird (1927). It was quickly apparent that this innovation would revolutionise medical endoscopy. The rigid gastroscope was soon obsolete and the era of gastroenterological fibreoscopy arrived.
KeywordsBladder Neck Bladder Wall Insertion Tube Urologic Surgery Superficial Bladder Cancer
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