Development, Indications and Clinical Experience

  • F. Eisenberger
  • J. Rassweiler
Part of the Clinical Practice in Urology book series (PRACTICE UROLOG)


Geometric focusing is one of the essential principles of non-invasive kidney stone disintegration. The other is the application of shock waves. The existence of shock waves is inseparably associated with extremely high velocities of bodies, i.e. with velocities exceeding the sound velocity in the respective medium. Typical examples are the impingement of rain and sand particles on supersonic aircraft, the collision of meteorites with spacecraft or the effect of high-velocity projectiles on armoured objects (Forssman and Hepp 1980; Hepp 1984).


Kidney Stone Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Urologic Surgery Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Stone Disintegration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Eisenberger
  • J. Rassweiler

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