Laryngeal Biopsy

  • L. Michaels


The larynx is a relatively inaccessible organ, and the difficulties of reaching its inner surface during life, of inspecting it and sampling it for histological examination, have hampered the understanding of its disease processes. In the nineteenth century examination with a mirror—indirect laryngoscopy—was carried out with very great skill by the master laryngologists such as Sir Morell Mackenzie. Even biopsy was carried out by this means—a remarkable feat when it is recalled that topical anaesthesia by the use of cocaine was not introduced until 1884.


Freeze Section Vocal Cord Direct Laryngoscopy Pyogenic Granuloma Spindle Cell Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Kleinsasser O, translated by Stell PM (1979) Microlaryngoscopy and endolaryngeal microsurgery. Technique and typical findings, 2nd edn. University Park Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Michaels
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and BacteriologyInstitute of Laryngology and Otology (University of London)LondonEngland
  2. 2.Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear HospitalLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations