The Structure of the Normal and Hydronephrotic Upper Urinary Tract

  • J. A. Gosling
  • J. S. Dixon


The aim of this chapter is to provide a brief review of the structure of the upper urinary tract, based on light and electron microscope observations of normal human postoperative material. This description is followed by an account of the morphological changes which occur in the proximal dilated portion of the urinary tract in cases of idiopathic hydronephrosis. It is hoped that these anatomical studies will complement the physiological and clinical investigations described in subsequent chapters, and provide for a better understanding of the functional anomalies which occur in this relatively common condition.


Smooth Muscle Cell Renal Pelvis Contraction Wave Muscle Coat Pacemaker Site 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Gosling
  • J. S. Dixon

There are no affiliations available

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