Before leaving Yasnaya Polyana to go to his death we are told Tolstoy sat down at his desk and re-wrote, by hand, like a schoolboy, a long passage from Socrates’ Apology. We do not know exactly what passage he chose. What interests us here is the very act of re-writing — not simply re-reading — the text in order to let it pass through the physical movement of the hand, reiterating the very curves of the letters, as if to memorize physically the movement of the thought itself. Tolstoy’s was a gesture of profound submission; of concrete understanding.


Physical Movement Professional Translator Philosophical Thought Artistic Performance Practical Philosophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 2.
    Thomas Tempte, “The Chair of Tutankhamun”, in Göranzon and Florin (eds), Dialogue and Technology. Art and Knowledge Springer-Verlag, London 1991, pp 157–164.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Nordal Âkerman (ed.), The Necessity of Friction. Nineteen Essays on a Vital Force, Physica Verlag, Heidelberg 1993.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

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  • Lars Kleberg

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