What is Knowledge?

  • Asbjørn Rolstadås
  • Bjørnar Henriksen
  • David O’Sullivan
Chapter

Abstract

Manufacturing is increasingly about knowledge creation, learning, flexibility and continuous improvement. Consequently, knowledge in manufacturing is not only a matter of systems and management. According to Bloom’s taxonomy, the cognitive domain relates to mental skills (knowledge), the affective domain relates to growth in feelings or emotional areas (attitudes), while the psychomotor domain is concerned with manual or physical skills (skills). Knowledge management relates to business processes where the creation, transfer, and adaptation of knowledge are basic elements. A knowledge dimension that is similar to the ‘general world’ versus ‘arbitrary specialized world’, and that has been emphasized in the literature is the concept of ‘tacit knowledge’ versus ‘explicit knowledge’. This dimension suggests that there are two types of knowledge: tacit, which is embedded in the human brain and cannot be expressed easily and explicit knowledge, which can be easily codified. Both types of knowledge are important, but Western organizations have focused largely on managing explicit knowledge.

Keywords

Recombination Assimilation Arena 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asbjørn Rolstadås
    • 1
  • Bjørnar Henriksen
    • 2
  • David O’Sullivan
    • 3
  1. 1. Department of Production and QualityNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.SINTEF Technology and SocietyTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.School of Engineering and InformaticsNational University of IrelandMoycullen Co. GalwayIreland

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