Pathophysiology of Venous Disease

  • John Bergan


As the Twentieth Century faded away and the new century began most of the dogma surrounding venous disorders faded away with the memories of the century past. The basis for this shift in attitude and approach had been laid years earlier by the development first of the continuous wave Doppler and then the Duplex Doppler. As applied to venous disease, this led first to the development of accurate diagnosis and then to uncovering the faults of existing therapy. Diagnosis of venous reflux and identification the faulty segments of venous dysfunction developed in the vascular laboratories of Strandness [1] and then Nicolaides [2]. Very quickly, the mysteries of venous physiology and Pathophysiology were revealed (Table 4.1).


Varicose Vein Venous Disease Valve Closure Venous Hypertension Venous Insufficiency 
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© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Bergan
    • 1
  1. 1.La JollaUSA

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