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Women and Coronary Artery Disease

  • Nishath A. Quader
  • Susan Wilansky
Chapter
Part of the Cardiovascular Medicine book series (CVM)

Abstract

Coronary artery disease was long considered to be a disease primarily affecting men. However, recent statistics indicate that it is also the most frequent cause of death in women. Awareness campaigns have tried to address the disparities in knowledge regarding women and coronary artery disease. This chapter highlights some of the differences and similarities in treatment strategies for women compared with those for men. It also reviews some of the causes of chest pain in women and various diagnostic modalities.

Keywords

Chest pain Coronary artery disease Nonobstructive causes of chest pain Risk factors Women 

Abbreviations

ACA

American College of Cardiology

AHA

American Heart Association

CAC

Coronary artery calcification

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CARE

Cholesterol and Recurrent Events

CASS

Coronary Artery Surgery Study

CIMT

Carotid intima media thickening

CRUSADE

Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines

FRISC

Fragmin and Fast Revascularization During Instability in Coronary Artery Disease

GPIIB/IIIa

Glycoprotein IIB/IIIa

GUSTO

Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Arteries in Acute Coronary Syndrome

HDL

High-density lipoprotein

HDL-C

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

HERS II

Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study follow-up

HR

Hazard ratio

JNC 7

Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

JUPITER

Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: An Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

LDL-C

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

METEOR

Measuring Effects on Intima-Media Thickness: An Evaluation of Rosuvastatin

NCEP

National Cholesterol Education Program

NSTEMI

Non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction

PROVE-IT TIMI-22

Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy–Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22

PURSUIT

Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy

RR

Relative risk

STEMI

ST-elevation myocardial infarction

TACTIMS-TIMI 18

Treat Angina With Aggrastat and Determine Cost of Therapy With an Invasive or Conservative Strategy–Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 18

TIMI

Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction

WHI

Women’s Health Initiative

WISE

Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular DiseasesWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular DiseasesMayo ClinicScottsdaleUSA
  3. 3.Medicine DepartmentCollege of Medicine, Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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