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Atherosclerotic Renovascular Disease: Epidemiology and Clinical Manifestations

  • James Ritchie
  • Philip A. KalraEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) is a frequently occurring condition, most commonly observed in patients with other macrovascular diseases. The presence of ARVD is associated with a significantly increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although factors associated with systemic atheroma are implicated in the development of ARVD, the subsequent evolution of hypertension and renal impairment is more complex, with both whole organ and local factors playing important roles.

Keywords

Atherosclerotic renovascular disease Epidemiology Presentation Prevalence Prognosis Progression Renal artery stenosis Risk factors 

Abbreviations

AKI

Acute kidney injury

ARVD

Atherosclerotic renovascular disease

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CHF

Chronic heart failure

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

DUS

Doppler ultrasound

FPE

Flash pulmonary edema

PVD

Peripheral vascular disease

RAAS

Renin angiotensin aldosterone system

RAS

Renal artery stenosis

RCT

Randomized controlled trial

USRDS

United States Renal Data System

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Renal MedicineSalford Royal NHS Foundation TrustSalfordUK

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