Future Prospects in Pharmacy IT

  • Stephen Goundrey-Smith
Part of the Health Informatics book series (HI)


While there is now experience of discrete IT systems in medicines management – pharmacy/stock control, prescribing, decision support, electronic health records and supply automation – the use of IT to provide an integrated pharmacy and medicines management service has not yet been fully realised. This has been for a number of reasons:


Computerise Physician Order Entry Pharmacy Practice Medicine Management Software Vendor Electronic Prescribe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Connecting for Health. E-prescribing functional specification for NHS Trusts. 2007. http:/ p. 125–6. Accessed on April 2012.
  2. 2.
    Hunt DL, Haynes RB, et al. Effects of computer-based clinical decision support systems on physician performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review. JAMA. 1998;280:1339–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Husch M, Sullivan C, et al. Insights from the sharp end of intravenous medication errors: implications for infusion pump technology. Qual Saf Health Care. 2005;14:80–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kripalani S, Yao X, Haynes RB. Interventions to enhance medication adherence in chronic medical conditions: a systematic review. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(6):540–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Garfield S, Barber N, Walley P, Willson A, Eliasson L. Quality of medication use in primary care – mapping the problem, working to a solution: a systematic review of the literature. BMC Med. 2009;7:50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Saini SD, Schoenfeld P, Kaulback K, Dubinsky MC. Effect of medication dosing frequency on adherence in chronic diseases. Am J Manag Care. 2009;15(6):22–33.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goundrey-Smith SJ. Principles of electronic prescribing. London: Springer; 2008. p. 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matsuyama JR, Mason BJ, Jue SG. Pharmacists’ interventions using an electronic medication monitoring device’s adherence data versus pill counts. Ann Pharmacother. 1993;27(7–8):851–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    England Department of Health. Equity and excellence: liberating the NHS. 2010. p. 3 Accessed on April 2012.
  10. 10.
    England Department of Health. An information revolution. 2010. p. 18. Accessed on April 2012.
  11. 11.
    Shane R. Computerised physician order entry: challenges and opportunities. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2002;59:286–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Knaup P, Bott O, et al. Electronic Patient Records: moving from islands and bridges towards Electronic Health Records for continuity of care. Methods Inf Med. 2007;46 Suppl 1:34–46.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ueckert F, Goerz M, et al. Empowerment of patients and communication with healthcare professionals through an electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2003;70:99–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stewart SF, Switzer JA. Perspectives on telemedicine to improve stroke treatment. Drugs Today (Barc). 2011;47:157–67.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    McLean S, Chandler D, et al. Telehealthcare for asthma: a Cochrane review. Can Med Assoc J. 2011;183:E733–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    McLean S, Nurmatov U, et al. Telehealthcare for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(7):CD007718.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Young LB, Chan PS, et al. Impact of telemedicine intensive care unit coverage on patient outcomes: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171:498–506.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johnston B. UK telehealth initiatives in palliative care: a review. Int J Palliat Nurs. 2011;17:301–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kidd L, Cayless S, et al. Telehealth in palliative care in the UK: a review of the evidence. J Telemed Telecare. 2010;16:394–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Magann EF, McKelvey SS, et al. The use of telemedicine in obstetrics: a review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2011;66:170–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Verberk WJ, Kessels AG, et al. Telecare is a valuable tool for hypertension management, a systematic review and meta-analysis. Blood Press Monit. 2011;16:149–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Anker SD, Koehler F, et al. Telemedicine and remote management of patients with heart failure. Lancet. 2011;378:731–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Costa BM, Fitzgerald KJ, et al. Effectiveness of IT-based diabetes management interventions: a review of the literature. BMC Fam Pract. 2009;10:72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ekeland AG, Bowes A, et al. Effectiveness of telemedicine: a systematic review of reviews. Int J Med Inform. 2010;79:736–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gaikwad R, Warren J. The role of home-based information and communications technology interventions in chronic disease management: a systematic literature review. Health Informatics J. 2009;15:122–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vitacca M, Mazzu M, et al. Sociotechnical and organisational challenges to wider e-health implementation. Chron Respir Dis. 2009;6:91–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
    Woo C, Guihan M, et al. What’s happening now! Telehealth management of spinal cord injuries/disorders. J Spinal Cord Med. 2011;34(3):322–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Koch S, Hagglund M. Health informatics and the delivery of care to older people. Maturitas. 2009;63:195–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Eron L. Telemedicine: the future of outpatient therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;51 Suppl 2:S224–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mc William S. How mobiles and pharmacy are set to revolutionise chronic disease treatment. Pharm J. 2006;276:7–8.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Anhoj J, Moldrup C. Feasability of collecting diary data from asthma patient mobile phones and SMS (short message service): review analysis and focus group evaluation from a pilot study. J Med Internet Res. 2004;6:e42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Farmer AJ, Gibson OJ, et al. A randomised controlled trial of the effect of real-time telemedicine support on glycaemic control in young adults with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005;28:2697–702.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gammon D, Arsand E, et al. Parent–child interaction using a mobile and wireless system for blood glucose monitoring. J Med Internet Res. 2005;5:e57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Di Giacomo P, Ricci FL. Generic data modelling and use of XML standard for home telemonitoring of chronically ill patients. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002;90:163–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Payne N. Presented at the National Clinical Homecare Association Conference, Birmingham, Oct 2011. Accessed on April 2012.
  37. 37.
    Hackett M. Homecare medicines: towards a vision for the future. England Department of Health; 2010. p. 6–18. Accessed on April 2012.
  38. 38.
    Hackett M. Homecare medicines: towards a vision for the future. England Department of Health; 2010. p. 10–51. Accessed on April 2012.
  39. 39.
    Ammenwerth E, Schnell-Inderst P, et al. The effect of electronic prescribing on medication errors and adverse drug events: a systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008;15:585–600.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Reckmann MH, Westbrook JI, Koh Y, Lo C, Day RO. Does computerised provider order entry reduce prescribing errors for hospital inpatients? A systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009;16:613–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Summers V. Association of Scottish Chief Pharmacists. Electronic prescribing – the way forward. Pharm J. 2000;265:834.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Trent Rosenbloom S. Approaches to evaluating electronic prescribing. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006;13:399–401.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Savage I, Cornford T, Klecun E, Barber N, Clifford S, Franklin BD. Medication errors with electronic prescribing (EP): two views of the same picture. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010;10:135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Royal College of Physicians. Developing standards for the structure and content of health records. London. 2008.
  45. 45.
    Royal Pharmaceutical Society. Keeping patients safe when they transfer between care providers – getting the medicines right: Good practice guidance for healthcare professions. 2011. Accessed on Sep 2012.
  46. 46.
    Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and Responsibilities in Pharmaceutical Care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990;47(3):533–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Rogers EM. Diffusions of Innvoation. 5th Ed. 2005. New York. Free Press, p22.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Porter ME, Teisberg EO. How physicians can change the future of healthcare. JAMA. 2007;297(10):1103–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
    Fox BI, Thrower MR, et al. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. Washington, D.C.: American Pharmacists Association; 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Goundrey-Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.SGS Pharma SolutionsGloucestershireUK

Personalised recommendations