Abnormal Digital Rectal Examination



Despite advances in imaging techniques, and evaluation of blood and urine markers, the digital rectal examination (DRE) remains a cornerstone of the urological assessment. Barriers to effective DRE remain embarrassment (of both the patient, and the clinician), lack of thorough assessment (the “nominal” examination), and a lack of experience causes misinterpretation of results. An abnormal DRE almost always requires further investigation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Duthie
    • 1
  • Helen Freeborn
    • 1
  • Declan G. Murphy
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cancer Surgery, Peter MacCallum Cancer CentreUniversity of MelbourneEast MelbourneAustralia

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