The Systemic Toolbox

  • Steen LeleurEmail author
Part of the Decision Engineering book series (DECENGIN)


With the theory outline of systemic planning (SP) presented in the previous chapters, this chapter, “The systemic toolbox”, addresses the more methodical and practical aspects of systemic planning. Specifically a number of useful operations research (OR) methods and techniques are introduced as a kind of long list for methods of possible relevance for SP. These are categorised and presented in the form of three ‘waves’, with each new wave—we are still in the third wave since the early 1990s—representing an important new approach direction. From the long list of OR methods seven hard and seven soft methods are identified, which are seen to provide a suitable ‘method arsenal’ referred to as the systemic toolbox in the subsequent practical adaptation of systemic planning.


Systemic Planning System Science Systemic Perception Soft System Methodology Research Orientation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TransportTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark

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