The Systemic Process

Chapter
Part of the Decision Engineering book series (DECENGIN)

Abstract

This chapter on “The systemic process” introduces the American brothers Hubert and Stuart Dreyfus by treating their theory of learning. With a background in philosophy and in operations research, respectively, they have formulated learning process into five steps, which deals with what they themselves acknowledge as representing a development from novice to expert. Although apparently not familiar with Morin’s Simplicity and Complexity paradigms as dealt with in the previous chapter, they describe a step-wise way of learning which in its progression can almost be seen to build on the Simplicity paradigm in combination with the Complexity paradigm. In this context it leads to the idea of designing a kind of systemic, self-organising learning process to be made use of in the set-up of systemic planning.

Keywords

Local Elaboration Decision Conference Advanced Beginner Complexity Paradigm Commonsense World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Dreyfus HL, Dreyfus SE (1988) Mind over machine. The Free Press Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Leleur S (2003) SCOPE—an integrated framework for multi-attribute decision making. Innovation, Carfax publishing 17(3):259–270Google Scholar
  3. Leleur S (2004) Systemic decision support in a complex business environment. In: Yucesan E, Chick S (eds) Proceedings of the 1st future business technology conference (FUBUTEC) at INSEAD, Fontainebleau published by EUROSIS, March 2004Google Scholar
  4. Leleur S (2007) Systemic planning: dealing with complexity by a wider approach to planning. Emerg Complex Organ, 98(1–2):2–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TransportTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark

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