The Systemic Process
This chapter on “The systemic process” introduces the American brothers Hubert and Stuart Dreyfus by treating their theory of learning. With a background in philosophy and in operations research, respectively, they have formulated learning process into five steps, which deals with what they themselves acknowledge as representing a development from novice to expert. Although apparently not familiar with Morin’s Simplicity and Complexity paradigms as dealt with in the previous chapter, they describe a step-wise way of learning which in its progression can almost be seen to build on the Simplicity paradigm in combination with the Complexity paradigm. In this context it leads to the idea of designing a kind of systemic, self-organising learning process to be made use of in the set-up of systemic planning.
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