Introducing Fuel Cells

  • Cristian Kunusch
  • Paul Puleston
  • Miguel Mayosky
Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)

Abstract

Increasing demands on pollution reduction is driving innovation on clean energy sources. Among these, fuel cells are regarded as one of the most promising technologies, due to their high efficiency, compactness, and reliability. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that generate electrical current from hydrogen and oxygen. In this chapter, the basic operation of a fuel-cell-based generation system is analysed, and the main technologies used at each of its subsystems are reviewed. A brief history of fuel cell development is summarised, from early experiences in the 19th century to the space shuttle and automotive applications. Closed-loop operation of fuel cell (FC) systems arises as a way to improve performance and reliability. In particular, robust control techniques based on sliding modes are proposed as suitable alternatives to provide performance under model uncertainty and external disturbances, usually present in these complex systems. Finally, the general organisation of the book is briefly outlined.

Keywords

Combustion Corn Carbide Welding Platinum 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian Kunusch
    • 1
  • Paul Puleston
    • 2
  • Miguel Mayosky
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica IndustrialCSIC-Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Depto. Electrotecnia, Laboratorio de Electrónica Industrial, Control e Instrumentación (LEICI)Universidad Nacional de La Plata—CONICETLa PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Depto. Electrotecnia, Laboratorio de Electrónica Industrial, Control e Instrumentación (LEICI)Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CICpBA)La PlataArgentina

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