How to Carry Out Shockwave Lithotripsy



Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is an effective and noninvasive modality for the treatment of urolithiasis. Stone-free rates vary between 50% and 95%. The key steps to success are appropriate patient selection and careful treatment delivery.


Obesity Heparin Nitrite Alfentanil Stone Load 

Further Reading

  1. Turk C, et al. European Association of Urology Guidelines on Urolithiasis, 2011.
  2. Madaan S, Joyce AD. Limitations of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Curr Opin Urol. 2007;17(2):109–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Srisubat A, et al. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy versus retrograde intrarenal surgery for kidney stones. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;7(4):CD007044.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologySalford Royal NHS Foundation TrustSalfordUK

Personalised recommendations