Adrenocortical Carcinoma and Open Adrenalectomy

  • Radu Mihai


In the absence of metastases (stage IV disease) or local invasion into surrounding viscera (stage III), the diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) in adrenal tumors >5 cm (stage II) or <5 cm (stage I disease) remains very challenging.


Inferior Vena Cava Standardize Uptake Value Distal Pancreatectomy Adrenal Tumor Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endocrine SurgeryJohn Radcliffe HospitalOxfordUK

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