Diagnostic Work-Up and Nonsurgical Management of Pituitary Disease

  • Thomas J. Beech
  • Wiebke Arlt


Pituitary lesions are rare with an approximate incidence of 2 per 100,000, although autopsy studies have identified pituitary lesions in 11 % of cases. There are three main groups of patients that require diagnostic assessment for characterization or detection of pituitary disease:


Pituitary Adenoma Dopamine Agonist Stereotactic Radiosurgery Pituitary Disease Pituitary Mass 
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Further Reading

  1. Brada M, Ajithkumar TV, Minniti G. Radiosurgery for pituitary adenomas. Clin Endocrinol. 2004;61:531–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Freda PU, Beckers AM, Katznelson L, Molitch ME, Montori VM, Post KD, Vance ML, Endocrine Society. Pituitary incidentaloma: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011;96(4):894–904.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. The National Endocrine and Metabolic diseases information services (

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ENT DepartmentUniversity Hospital BirminghamBirmingham, West MidlandsUK
  2. 2.Department of Endocrinology, Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (CEDAM), School of Clinical and Experimental MedicineUniversity of BirminghamBirmingham, West MidlandsUK

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