Presentation and Biochemical Assessment of Pituitary Disease

  • John Ayuk
  • Penelope M. Clark


Pituitary tumors may present in a number of ways:


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Erectile Dysfunction Thyroid Stimulate Hormone Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Pituitary Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Clark PMS, Gordon K. Challenges for the endocrine laboratory in critical illness. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab (Cooper MS, Venkatesh B, editors). 2011;25:847–59.Google Scholar
  2. Levy A. Pituitary disease: presentation, diagnosis, and management. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004;75 Suppl 3:iii47–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Molitch ME. Medication-induced hyperprolactinemia. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010;80(8):1050–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wass JAH, Stewart PM, editors. Oxford textbook of endocrinology and diabetes. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EndocrinologyQueen Elizabeth Hospital BirminghamBirmingham, West MidlandsUK
  2. 2.University of Birmingham and Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation TrustBirminghamUK
  3. 3.Regional Endocrine Laboratory, Clinical Laboratory ServicesQueen Elizabeth Hospital BirminghamBirmingham, West MidlandsUK

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