Renal Hyperparathyroidism

  • David M. Scott-CoombesEmail author


On the surface of every parathyroid cell are calcium-sensing receptors (CaSR) (set to 2.20–2.60 mmol/l)


Parathyroid Gland Parathyroid Adenoma Parathyroid Cell Inferior Thyroid Artery Excess Secretion 
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Background Reading

  1. Rothmund M, Wagner PK, Schark C. Subtotal parathyroidectomy versus total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation in secondary hyperparathyroidism: a randomized trial. World J Surg. 1991;15:745–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Saunders RN, Karoo R, Metcalfe MS, Nicholson ML. Four gland parathyroidectomy without reimplantation in patients with chronic renal failure. Postgrad Med J. 2005;81:255–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Tominaga Y, Matsuoka S, Uno N. Surgical and medical treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients on continuous dialysis. World J Surg. 2009;33:2335–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endocrine SurgeryUniversity Hospital of WalesCardiffUK

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