Reoperative Parathyroid Surgery

  • Thomas W. J. LennardEmail author


Firstly establish if this is persistent or recurrent disease:


Vocal Cord Parathyroid Tissue Neck Exploration Focus Approach Multiglandular Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Fayet P, Heoffel C, Fulla Y, et al. Technetium-99m sestamibi MRI and venous blood sampling in persistent and recurrent hyperparathyroidism. Br J Radiol. 1997;70(833):459–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Inabnet WB, Lee JA, Palmer BJA. Parathyroid disease. In: A companion to specialist surgical practice. Endocrine surgery. 5th ed. Saunders: Elsevier; 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Kivlen MH, Bartlett DL, Libutti SK, et al. Reoperation for hyperparathyroidism in MEN. Surgery. 2001;130(6):991–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Thompson NW, Eckhauser FE, Harness JK. The anatomy of primary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery. 1982;92(5):814–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Weber C, Burke GJ, McGarity WC. Persistent and recurrent sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism: histopathology, complications and results of reoperation. Surgery. 1994;116(6):991–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryRoyal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastle Upon TyneUK

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