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Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy

  • Ioannis Christakis
  • Fausto Palazzo
Chapter

Abstract

The operative management of primary hyperparathyroidism has changed significantly since the first parathyroidectomy performed almost a century ago (Delbridge and Palazzo 2007). The standard procedure has evolved over decades into the bilateral neck exploration (BNE) which involves the careful identification of all parathyroid glands. Abnormal glands are removed and the normal glands are left in situ without biopsy.

Keywords

Parathyroid Gland Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Parathyroid Adenoma Parathyroid Surgery Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BNE

Bilateral neck exploration

FAA

Focused anterior approach

FLA

Focused lateral approach

GA

General anesthesia

IOPTH

Intraoperative PTH

LA

Local anesthesia

MEN

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

MGD

Multiple gland disease

MIP

Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy

MIVAT

Video-assisted parathyroidectomy

NIH

National Institute of Health

PET

Positron emission tomography

pHPT

Primary hyperparathyroidism

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

SCM

Sternocleidomastoid muscle

SPECT

Single-photon emission computed tomography

US

Ultrasound

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Thyroid and Endocrine SurgeryImperial College NHS TrustLondonUK

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