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Extended Surgery for Extra-thyroidal Disease Invasion

  • Ajith Paulose GeorgeEmail author
  • Maninder Singh Kalkat
Chapter

Abstract

Extra-thyroid extension (ETE) relates to invasion of thyroid tumor beyond its capsule into local and regional structures, T3–T4a and T4b (7th Edn TNM) classification

Keywords

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Differentiate Thyroid Cancer Strap Muscle Partial Laryngectomy Esophageal Involvement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryRussells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, Birmingham Heartlands HospitalBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Thoracic SurgeryBirmingham Heartlands HospitalBirminghamUK

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