Extended Surgery for Extra-thyroidal Disease Invasion

  • Ajith Paulose GeorgeEmail author
  • Maninder Singh Kalkat


Extra-thyroid extension (ETE) relates to invasion of thyroid tumor beyond its capsule into local and regional structures, T3–T4a and T4b (7th Edn TNM) classification


Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Differentiate Thyroid Cancer Strap Muscle Partial Laryngectomy Esophageal Involvement 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryRussells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, Birmingham Heartlands HospitalBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Thoracic SurgeryBirmingham Heartlands HospitalBirminghamUK

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