Retrosternal Goiter

  • Neil Sharma
  • John C. Watkinson


Enlargement of the thyroid beyond the thoracic inlet occurs in between 5 and 20 % of goiters. The terminology varies between retrosternal, substernal, intrathoracic, and mediastinal


Multinodular Goiter Thoracic Inlet Compressive Symptom Inspiratory Stridor Thyroid Enlargement 
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Further Reading

  1. Hardy RG, Bliss RD, et al. Management of retrosternal goitres. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2009;91(1):8–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Randolph GW, Shin JJ, et al. The surgical management of goiter: part II. Surgical treatment and results. Laryngoscope. 2011;121(1):68–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rugiu MG, Piemonte M. Surgical approach to retrosternal goitre: do we still need sternotomy? Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2009;29(6):331–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Shaha AR. Substernal goiter: what is in a definition? Surgery. 2010;147(2):239–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital North StaffordshireNewcastle-under-LymeUK
  2. 2.ENT DepartmentQueen Elizabeth HospitalBirminghamUK

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