Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumor (NET) Surgery

  • Per Hellman
  • Peter Stålberg


GI NETs arise from stomach, duodenum, small intestine, appendix, large bowel, and appendix


Ki67 Index Carcinoid Syndrome Carcinoid Heart Disease Rectal NETs Gastric NETs 
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Further Reading

  1. Åkerström G, Hellman P. Carcinoid neoplasms. In: Bland KI, Büchler MW, Csendes A, Garden OJ, Sarr MG, Wong J, editors. General surgery. Berlin: Springer; 2009. p. 1709–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cashin P, Nygren P, Hellman P, Granberg D, Mahteme H. A survey of appendiceal adenocarcinoids with peritoneal carcinomatosis: Overall survival, pharmacological drug resistance and their histopathology. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2011;20:108–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Delle Fave G, Capurso G, Milione M, Panzuto F. Endocrine tumours of the stomach. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;19:659–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Norlén O, Stålberg P, Eriksson J, Hedberg J, Hessman O, Tienssu-Janson E, Hellman P, Åkerström G. Long-term results of surgery for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors at a tertiary referral center. World J Surg. 2012;36(6):1414–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Stinner B, Rothmund M. Neuroendocrine tumours (carcinoids) of the appendix. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;19:729–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Vogelsang H, Siewert JR. Endocrine tumours of the hindgut. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;19:739–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgical SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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