Implementation of JIT Technology

  • A. S. Sohal
  • L. A. R. Al-Hakim
Part of the Advanced Manufacturing Series book series (ADVMANUF)


In the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, most US and Western Manufacturers faced intensified competition from Japanese manufacturers. Competitive analysis revealed the ability of Japanese manufacturers to produce and deliver higher quality products but at a lower cost. Just-in-Time (JIT) manufacturing was identified as the main contributor to this. Since then JIT manufacturing has received much publicity and has become one of the most important topics in the production and operations management literature. Surveys of the utilisation of production techniques in the USA [1], the United Kingdom [2] and in Australia [3] reflect the popularity of JIT manufacturing systems by comparison with the traditional MRP (Material Requirements Planning) or its version MRPII systems.


Assembly Line Kanban System Pull System Flexible Manufacture Cell Master Production Schedule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    White RE. An empirical assessment of JIT in U.S. manufacturers. Prod & Invent Manage J 1993; 2nd Quarter: 38–42.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oakland J, Sohal A. Production management techniques in UK manufacturing industry: usage and barriers to acceptance. J Oper Prod Manage 1987; 7 (1): 8–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ramsey L, Sohal A, Samson D. Just-in-time Manufacturing in Victoria. University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schonberger R. Japanese manufacturing Techniques: nine hidden lesson in simplicity. The Free Press, NY, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hall RW. Zero inventory. Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood, EL, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    American Production and Inventory Control Society. APICS Dictionary, 6th ed. Falls Church, VA, 1987.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wantuck K. Ken Wantuck’s concept of just-in-time manufacturing techniques. Tecnology Transfère Council, Melbourne, 1988.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sohal L, Ramsay L, Samson D. JIT manufacturing: industry analysis and a methodology for implementation. Int J Oper Prod Manage 1993; 13 (7): 22–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Al-Hakim L, Jenney B. Training for new production technology. Proceeding of 1990 industry training conference, Melbourne, 1990.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Al-Hakim L, Jenney B. MRP: an adaptive approach. Int J Prod Econ 1991; 25: 65–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lorinez JA. Suppliers question approaches to JIT. Purchasing Word J 1985; 29 (3): 42–63.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Al-Hakim L, Okyar H, Sohal A. A comparative study of MRP and JIT production management systems. In: Sumanth D, Edosomwan J, Poupart R, Sink D(eds) Productivity & quality management, IDE Press, NY, 1993. pp 547–556.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baldwin RE. Adaptive effects on purchaser-vendor relationships resulting from Japanese management techniques. Procedding of the national purchasing and materials management research symposium, 1989, pp 42–54.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Celley A, Clegg W, Smith A, Vonderembse M. Implementation of JIT in the United States. J Purchasing & Material Manage 1986; 22 (4): 9–15.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pegler HC, Kochhar AK. Rule-based approach to just-in-time manufacturing. Comp Integ Manuf Sys J 1990; 3 (1): 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hall RW. Leveling the schedule. Proceeding of zero inventory philosophy & practices seminar, Falls Charh, VA: APICS, 1984.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Park PS. Uniform plant loading through level production. Prod & Invent Manage J 1993; 2nd Quarter: 12–17.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hayes RH, Clark KB. Why some factories are more productive than others. Harvard Busness Review J 1986; Sept–Oct: 66–73.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Karmarker U. Getting control of just-in-time. Harvard Business Review 1989; Sept–Oct: 66–73.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Suzaki K. The new manufacturing challenge. The Free Press, NY, 1987.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ford H. Today and tomorrow, Garden City Publishing, NY, 1926.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Aggrawal SC. MRP, JIT, OPT, FMS, Harvard Business Review, 1985: 8–16.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Taguchi G. Introduction to quality engineering. Asian Productivity Organisation, Tokyo, 1986.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schonberger R. Zero quality control; source inspection and the poka-yoke system. Productivity, Inc., Stanford, 1986.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Skinner W., The focused factory. Harvard Business Review 1974; May–June: 113–121.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lambrecht M, Decalume L. JIT and constraint theory: the issue of bottleneck management. Prod & Invent Manage 1988; 3rd Quarter: 61–65.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Belt B. MRP and kanban- a possible synergy?. Prod & Invent Manage 1987; 1st Quarter: 71–80.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Moden Y. Toyota production system: practical approach to management. Industrial Engineering Management Press, Norcross, GA, 1983.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Krajewski L, King B, Ritzman L, Wong D. Kanban, MRP, and shaping the manufacturing environment. Manage Sci J 1987; 33 (I): 39–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Spearman M, Woodruff D, Hopp W. CONWDP: a pull alternative to kanban. Int J Prod Res 1990; 28 (5): 879–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Samson D, Sohal A, Ramsay E. Human resource issue in manufacturing improvement initiatives: case study experiences in Australia. Int J Human Factor in Manuf J 1993; 3 (2): 135–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Sohal
  • L. A. R. Al-Hakim

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations