• Nitin R. Nayak
  • Asok Ray
Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)


In the present day global marketplace, manufacturing organizations are facing national as well as international competition, forcing them to further improve their performance. To this effect, the concepts of computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) (O’Rourke 1987) have been introduced in various production environments with the intent of:
  • Improving human productivity at all levels;

  • Improving product quality;

  • Improving capital resource productivity;

  • Providing rapid response to the market demands.


Welding Speed Spot Welding Welding Torch Welding System Spray Painting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nitin R. Nayak
    • 1
  • Asok Ray
    • 2
  1. 1.IBM CorporationAustinUSA
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentPennsylvania State UniversityUSA

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