Introduction: Internal and External “Integration”

  • Thomas G. Whiston


This book is an exploration of a wide range of issues bearing on what I refer to as “Integration”. In particular I focus upon the need for closer managerial and organisational integration within many enterprises, large and small. Integration is an easy word to use but it is a slippery concept; formal definitions do not help much, though at a later stage I provide a list of definitions appropriate to different forms of “integration”. What then is integration and is it important?


External System Interactive Triad Organisational Integration Public Policy Issue Easy Word 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    T. Burns and G. Stalker, The management of Innovation. Tavistock, London, 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas G. Whiston
    • 1
  1. 1.Science Policy Research UnitUniversity of SussexFalmer, Brighton, E. SussexUK

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