Histological Measurement in Coloproctology

  • M. Swash


Coloproctological disorders have been studied by a variety of different techniques. Limitations are imposed by the necessity to do no harm as a consequence of the investigation; thus, radiological and other imaging methodologies such as ultrasonography, functional estimates based on manometric and flow methodologies, and electrophysiological techniques have been used to investigate the function of the colon, anorectum, and its associated smooth and striated muscle both in normal subjects and in patients with colorectal disorders. These investigations address particular aspects of functions of the colorectum, anal canal, and its associated tissues but do not give direct information concerning the morphological and pathological basis of such disturbed function. The latter is the role of pathology and its associated measurement techniques.


Pelvic Floor Anal Canal Fibre Type Pelvic Floor Muscle External Anal Sphincter 
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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1991

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  • M. Swash

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