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Effects of Oral, Percutaneous and Transdermal Oestrogens on Postmenopausal Bone

  • M. I. Whitehead
Conference paper

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a serious consequence of the menopause and a major public health issue. Within the UK, unlike many European countries, there is at present no clearly defined subspecialty of metabolic bone disease. Therefore, counselling of women requesting information on osteoporosis, fracture risk and preventive measures will involve general physicians, endocrinologists, rheumatologists, orthopaedic surgeons, family doctors and gynaecologists. The latter are increasingly becoming involved because the recent Consensus Development Conference on prophylaxis and treatment of osteopoprosis concluded that oestrogens are “currently the only well established prophylactic measure that reduces the frequency of osteoporotic fractures” [1].

Keywords

Spinal Bone Conjugate Equine Oestrogen Natural Menopause Postmenopausal Bone Loss Ethinyl Oestradiol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. I. Whitehead

There are no affiliations available

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