Advertisement

Abstract

When human atoms are knit into an organisation in which they are used, not in their full right as responsible human beings, but as cogs and levers and rods, it matters little that the raw material is flesh and blood. What is used as an element in a machine is in fact an element in a machine . . . The hour is very late, and the choice of good and evil knocks at our door.1

Keywords

Trade Union Shop Floor Socialist Society Human Skill Powerful Logic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. Wiener, The human use of human beings, 1967, p. 254 (Avon Books — Discus edition).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. various works by J.D. Bernai: e.g. The world, the flesh and the devil: an enquiry into the future of the three enemies of the rational soul (London 1922); The social function of science (London 1939 and Cambridge Mass, 1967 edition); The freedom of necessity (London 1949); Science in history (in 4 vols. Penguin Books 1965). account of the lives and times of British Socialist and Communist Scientists, including Bernai, is to be found in G. Werskey, The visible college, 1978 (Holt, Rinehart and Winston).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See ref. 1.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cited in S. Bodington, Science and social action, 1978, p. 20 (Allison and Busby).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Lobell, Design and the powerful logics of the mind’s deep structures, Design Research Society Journal, vol. 9(2), pp. 122–129.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Friedrichs (editor), Aufgabe Zukunft: Qualität des Lebens, 1972 (Europaische Verlagsanstalt).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Cooley, L. Friberg and C. Sjoberg, Alternativ Produktion, 1978 (Liberforlag).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Wainwright and D. Elliott, The Lucas plan: a new trade unionism in the making, 1982 (Allison and Busby).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Simon cited in H. Dreyfus What computers can’t do: the limits of artificial intelligence, revised edition, 1979, pp. 81–32 (Harper & Row).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.C Jones, Design methods: seeds of human futures, 1970 (John Wiley).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Gossard, Analogical part programming with interactive graphics, PhD thesis, 1975 (MIT Press).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dreyfus, see ref. 9.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of perception, 1962, p. 234 (Routledge & Kegan Paul).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    See ref. 13, p. 235.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ESPRIT project 1217, Human Centred CIM. Details from Greater London Enterprise, London SE1.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Cooley and S. Crampton, Criteria for human centred systems in ESPRIT CIM, 1987 (North Holland).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Technology, trade unions and human needs (a 50 page report available free in any of the following languages: English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Swedish), 1984 (International Metal Workers Federation, 54 bis Route des Acacias, 1227 Geneva, Switzerland).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Available from LG. Metall, Frankfurt, Germany.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    AI & Society: The Journal of Human and Machine Intelligence, July 1987, vol. 1(1).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Details from: M. Cooley, Thatcham Lodge, 95, Sussex Place, Slough, Berks., England.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Cooley, Architect or bee?: The human price of technology, 1987 (Chatto & Windus/The Hogarth Press).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    See ref. 21, pp. 55–56.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Sarson, A technology aiming for the best from hand and screen. The Guardian, 4 February 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Cooley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations