Anaesthesia for Cardiac Reoperations
Anaesthetists are asked to anaesthetise ever-increasing numbers of patients who have had previous cardiac surgery. There are several reasons for this. Many of the patients who had valves replaced in the 1960s and 1970s now require new valves. Angina may return to patients who have had revascularisation procedures, either because the grafts have become occluded or because there has been further progress of the native coronary artery disease. Many patients who have congenital heart disease are now presenting for reoperation.
KeywordsFentanyl Perforation Ketamine Digoxin Isoflurane
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