Cerebral Vascular Disease

  • Roy O. Weller
  • Michael Swash
  • D. Lindsay McLellan
  • Carl L. Scholtz


In the United Kingdom, and in other developed countries in which the population includes relatively large numbers of people older than 50 years, stroke is one of the commonest causes of disability and death. The term stroke is used to describe a sudden event, due to vascular disease, in which paralysis or (other) disturbance of function in the CNS occurs. It is thus a clinical term without a strictly defined meaning in pathology. Strokes are often referred to as cerebral vascular accidents, but, since there is always a cause, however difficult to understand or establish, this latter term is best avoided. Because the cause of a stroke is so frequently uncertain in clinical practice, clinicians and pathologists may use different classifications. While the pathologist can note the presence of infarction or haemorrhage, the two major subdivisions, the clinician can only consider which of these two lesions might be present. It is often difficult, therefore, to compare clinical and pathological data.


Internal Carotid Artery Middle Cerebral Artery Subarachnoid Haemorrhage Cerebral Infarction Basilar Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Further reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy O. Weller
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael Swash
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Lindsay McLellan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carl L. Scholtz
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.University of SouthamptonEngland
  2. 2.Wessex Regional Neurological CentreSouthamptonEngland
  3. 3.The London Hospital and St Mark’s HospitalLondonEngland
  4. 4.the London Hospital Medical CollegeLondonEngland
  5. 5.The London Hospital Medical CollegeEngland
  6. 6.The London HospitalLondonEngland

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