Scaphocephaly is the commonest of the calvarial deformities associated with craniosynostosis. The name ‘boat head’ is apt: the skull is long and narrow, like a boat upside down, and there is often a median ridge to simulate the keel. The forehead is usually high and prominent, with well developed frontal bosses; the skull slopes back to the occiput, which is prominent in profile and often somewhat wedge-shaped from the vertex view (Fig. 10.1). The deformity is usually associated with premature closure of the anterior fontanelle and premature fusion of the sagittal suture. However, there are occasional patients with scaphocephaly who are found to have premature fusion of other sutures, especially the coronal.
KeywordsSagittal Suture Coronal Suture Anterior Fontanelle Median Ridge Cephalic Index
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