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REIFENSTEIN Edward Conrad

1908–1975
  • Peter Beighton
  • Greta Beighton

Abstract

REIFENSTEIN syndrome, or partial androgen insensitivity, is an X-linked form of male pseudohermaphroditism, which is characterised by hypogonadism, hypospadias, gynaecomastia, infertility and a normal XY karyotype.

Keywords

Academic Medicine Autosomal Recessive Trait Intellectual Curiosity French Literature Male Pseudohermaphroditism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Aiman J, Griffin JE, Gazak JM, Wilson JD, MacDonald PC (1979) Androgen insensitivity as a cause of infertility in otherwise normal men. New Engl J Med 300:223–227PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowen P, Lee CNS, Migeon CJ, Kaplan NM, Whalley PJ, McKusick VA, Reifenstein EC (1965) Hereditary male pseudohermaphroditism with hypogonadism, hypospadias and gynecomastia: Reifenstein’s syndrome. Ann Intern Med 62: 252–270PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Forbes AP, Bartter FC (1976) Edward C Reifenstein, Jr. Recent Progress in Hormone Research 32: xiii–xviiPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gilbert-Dreyfus S, Sebaoun CA, Belaisch J (1957) Étude d’un cas familial d’androgynoidisme avec hypospadias grave, gynecomastie et hyperoestrogenie. Ann Endocr 18: 93–101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Reifenstein EC (1947) Hereditary familial hypogonadism. Recent Progr Horm Res 3: 224–225Google Scholar
  6. Wilson JD, Harrod MJ, Goldstein JL, Hemsell DL, MacDonald PC (1974) Familial incomplete male pseudohermaphroditism type 1: evidence for androgen resistance and variable clinical manifestations in a family with the Reifenstein syndrome. New Engl J Med 290:1097–1103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Beighton
    • 1
  • Greta Beighton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human GeneticsUniversity of Cape Town Medical SchoolSouth Africa

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