Role of paediatricians and obstetricians in preventing and combating tobacco smoking
Prenatal and postnatal health care at counselling centres and hospitals in Poland involves tobacco control efforts during a number of visits. At the first visit of an expectant mother, background information is obtained, and the woman is given information about the consequences of cigarette smoking and assistance is she has stopped smoking. Women at high risk are given assistance and are monitored. At subsequent visits, assistance and advice is given to women who have stopped smoking. Those who have not are advised of the importance of involving their partners and close friends in helping them to quit. They are given information and shown the embryo’s movements on ultrasound monitors. During the visit at the third trimester or in hospital, their anti- smoking attitude is consolidated and they are given assistance in coping with stress and provided with information about the harmful effects of tobacco smoke.