New Zealand: Tobacco control, 1990–97
Between 1984 and 1991, the tobacco consumption per adult in New Zealand declined more rapidly than in any other industrialized country: a fall of 42% in just seven years (Laugesen, 1995). Since 1991, however, the reduction has slowed down, and consumption may even have increased slightly in 1996 (OTR Spectrum Research surveys, commissioned by the Ministry of Health, New Zealand). Between 1976 and 1996, the prevalence of smoking among New Zealand men fell from 40 to 25% and that among women from 32 to 23%; nevertheless, 40% of Maori men and 47% of Maori women smoked in 1996 (figures from the New Zealand Department of Statistics, as analysed by Ministry of Health, New Zealand). Furthermore, the rate of smoking among young women, particularly among young pregnant women, is of considerable concern.
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