A comprehensive strategy to reduce and prevent tobacco smuggling

  • R. Cunningham
Conference paper


Tobacco smuggling has been a documented problem (Joossens & Raw, 1995) in all regions of the world. Contraband reduces government revenue, impairs health objectives by lowering the average price paid by consumers, discourages governments from further increasing tobacco taxes and pressures governments to lower taxes, as was the case in Canada (Cunningham, 1996). Lower tobacco taxes and prices lead to increased tobacco use (Lewit & Coate, 1982; Department of Health and Human Services, 1992). Indeed, higher tobacco taxes leading to higher retail prices are the most effective component of a tobacco control strategy.


Tobacco Control Tobacco Company Cross Border Shopping Tobacco Sale Legal Market 
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  1. Canadian Cancer Society (1994) Protecting Health and Revenue: An Action Plan to Control Contraband and Tax-exempt Tobacco, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  2. Cunningham, R. (1996) Smoke & Mirrors: The Canadian Tobacco War, Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, Chapter 11Google Scholar
  3. Department of Health and Human Services (1992) Smoking and Health in the Americas. A 1992 Report of the Surgeon General (DHHS Publication No. (CDC) 92-8419), Atlanta, Georgia: Pan American Health Organization, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and HealthGoogle Scholar
  4. Joosens, L. & Raw, M. (1995) Smuggling and cross border shopping of tobacco in Europe. Br. Med. J., 310, 1393 – 1397Google Scholar
  5. Lewit, E.M. & Coate, D. (1982) The potential for using excise taxes to reduce smoking. J. Health Econ., 1, 121 – 145CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Cunningham
    • 1
  1. 1.Canadian Cancer SocietyOttawa, OntarioCanada

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