A comprehensive strategy to reduce and prevent tobacco smuggling
Tobacco smuggling has been a documented problem (Joossens & Raw, 1995) in all regions of the world. Contraband reduces government revenue, impairs health objectives by lowering the average price paid by consumers, discourages governments from further increasing tobacco taxes and pressures governments to lower taxes, as was the case in Canada (Cunningham, 1996). Lower tobacco taxes and prices lead to increased tobacco use (Lewit & Coate, 1982; Department of Health and Human Services, 1992). Indeed, higher tobacco taxes leading to higher retail prices are the most effective component of a tobacco control strategy.
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